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Entries with tag cattle .

Farming industry working together to tackle BVD

More than 50 organisations and companies from across the agricultural industry are backing a campaign which aims to eliminate a highly contagious disease of cattle from England. Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD) is one of the most important diseases of cattle in terms of economic cost and welfare, causing abortion, infertility, immunosuppression, failure to thrive and occasionally death. ...
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TB Advantage - new genetic index to help dairy farmers breed for improved resistance to bovine tuberculosis

AHDB Dairy has recently published a new genetic index to help  help dairy farmers make informed decisions to breed cows which have an improved resistance to bovine tuberculosis (bTB). The index was developed following research into the genetics of bTB by  the University of Edinburgh, Roslin Institute and Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC ), s upported by Defra and the Welsh...
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Invitation to submit an abstract to the 1st Int. Conference on Precision Dairy Farming - deadline 31 Dec

Precision Dairy Farming is one of the major topics that influences dairy farming developments world-wide. The programme of this first International Precision Dairy Farming Conference will focus on the crossroads of science and practice. Who should attend? Scientists who are interested in applied Precision Dairy Farming technology Technology manufacturers who will be...
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Study reveals microbial diversity in the stomachs of cattle

Scientists at the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna have investigated whether stomach ulcers in cattle are related to the presence of certain bacteria. They analysed bacteria present in healthy and ulcerated cattle stomachs and found very few differences in microbial diversity. Bacteria therefore appear to play a minor role in the development of ulcers. The microbial diversity...
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Dairy herd management strategies can result in win-win for milk production and reducing carbon footprint

Agricultural greenhouse gases (GHG) make up 8.1% of total U.S. GHG emissions. The dairy cattle farming industry is being challenged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while maintaining or increasing profitability. In a study published in the Journal of Dairy Science®, researchers report that farms with lower carbon footprints and higher-producing cows are more profitable, a win-win situation...
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New detection test for subclinical mastitis in dairy cows

A test developed at Kansas State University is identifying mastitis in dairy cows earlier and for less cost than current technologies on the market. The test detects subclinical mastitis in dairy cows by screening a sample of a cow's milk for specific enzymes.  Deryl Tr oyer , professor of anatomy and physiology, is leading a project with Stefan Bossmann , professor of...
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Co-infection with two parasites can significantly reduce severity East Coast fever in cattle

When calves are infected by two parasite species at the same time, one parasite renders the other far less deadly, according to a new study published in the current journal of Science Advances. The international team of scientists has quantified, for the first time, how co-infection significantly reduces the severity of the African cattle-killing disease East Coast fever. Because...
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Are you interested in organic and low input ruminant production?

Low Input beef, sheep and Dairy Workshop, 21-22 April 2015 , near Stocksfield, Northumberland The Advanced Training Partnership (ATP) in Sustainable and Efficient Food Production is holding a two day workshop on low input beef, sheep and dairy on 21-22 April 2015 near Stocksfield in Northumberland. Speakers from IBERS and  Pasture for Life  will draw on current...
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Do you speak cow? Researchers listen in on conversations between calves and their mothers

Researchers have been eavesdropping on ‘conversations’ between calves and their mothers - measuring the process of how cows communicate using detailed acoustic analysis for the first time. The team from The University of Nottingham and Queen Mary University of London, spent ten months studying to the ways cows communicate with their young, carefully examining acoustic indicators of...
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Bluetongue virus survives winter by reproducing in the insect that transmits it

The bluetongue virus, which causes a serious disease that costs the cattle and sheep industries in the United States an estimated $125 million annually, manages to survive the winter by reproducing in the insect that transmits it, report veterinary scientists at the University of California, Davis. The findings solve a century-old mystery and are particularly significant as global...
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New vaccines that can prevent metritis in cattle

Scientists at Cornell University have reported the development of the first vaccines that can prevent metritis, a common cattle disease.  Metritis is a bacterial infection of the uterus which is estimated to affect around 25% of dairy cattle in the US. The researchers developed five candidate vaccines, three of which were tested via subcutaneous injection and two...
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Cows are smarter when raised in pairs

Cows learn better when housed together, which may help them adjust faster to complex new feeding and milking technologies on the modern farm, a new University of British Columbia study finds. The research, published today in  PLOS ONE , shows dairy calves become better at learning when a “buddy system” is in place. The study also provides the first evidence that the standard...
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US-Ireland collaboration to tackle Bovine Respiratory Disease

Queen’s University Belfast is developing new sensor technology to diagnose Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD) – a leading cause of calf death – as part of a new international collaborative research partnership. The AgriSense project, involving Queen’s, the Tyndall National Institute in Cork and Georgia Institute of Technology in the USA, is a €900,000 US-Ireland R&D...
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Genetics of tick's resistance to pesticides revealed

Scientists at the University of Glasgow have discovered how the  Rhipicephalis microplus tick, which transmits devastating diseases to cattle, has developed resistance to one of the main pesticides used against it. The tick can cause anaemia, reduced rate of growth and death, resulting in a major economic impact on cattle farmers, particularly in the tropics and sub-tropics. ...
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Beetles can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases from cow pats

Cattle contribute to global warming by burping and farting large amounts of greenhouse gases. Some of the same gases are also emitted from cow pats on pastures. But now researchers from the University of Helsinki have found that beetles living in cow pats may reduce emissions of the key greenhouse gas - methane. Agriculture is one of the biggest sources of the anthropogenic greenhouse...
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FAWC consultation on the welfare of animals in the beef industry

In April 2013 the Farm Animal Welfare Committee (FAWC) began an 18 month study considering issues relating to animals in the beef industry, including male calves and veal, leading to an Opinion (a short report). The work is being carried out by FAWC’s Ruminants Standing Committee, chaired by Huw Davies. FAWC is an expert committee providing advice to the Department for Environment,...
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Inflammation can play beneficial role in dairy cows in days after giving birth

Inflammation. The word typically has a negative connotation. Arthritis … infection … numerous maladies come to mind. But a Kansas State University researcher found that inflammation that occurs naturally in dairy cows the first few days after giving birth may play a surprisingly beneficial role in the complex process of going from late pregnancy to lactation. "We know that during...
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World aquaculture industry now producing more protein than beef industry

A report from the Earth Policy Institute (EPI) has revealed that fish farming is now producing more animal protein than the beef industry, with 66 million tons of fish produced in 2012 versus 63 million tons of beef. You can find out more in an interesting article on The Beef Site by clicking here.
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Parliamentary report on carbon footprint of beef and lamb

A newly-published parliamentary report examining how the carbon footprint of beef and lamb production is measured has been welcomed by the English Beef and Lamb Executive (EBLEX). Sequestration identified as the biggest area of contention While acknowledging the positive environmental impacts that grazing livestock bring, the All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) for Beef and...
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