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Entries with tag animal health .

New blood test developed for the detection of Bovine TB

A new blood test to detect Mycobacteria in blood has been developed by a team at The University of Nottingham led by Dr Cath Rees, an expert in microbiology in the School of Biosciences and Dr Ben Swift from the School of Veterinary Medicine and Science.  The researchers have used this new method to show that cattle diagnosed with bovine tuberculosis...
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Electronic medicine book for pigs launched to record accurate on-farm antibiotic usage data

An electronic medicine book for pigs (eMB-Pigs) is now available for all UK pig producers, in light of the need to collect accurate on-farm antibiotic usage data.   Increased concern over antibiotic usage, with both public and political pressure, mean the pig industry is acting to put itself in a more informed position on its antibiotic use. AHDB Pork veterinary team...
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Farming industry working together to tackle BVD

More than 50 organisations and companies from across the agricultural industry are backing a campaign which aims to eliminate a highly contagious disease of cattle from England. Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD) is one of the most important diseases of cattle in terms of economic cost and welfare, causing abortion, infertility, immunosuppression, failure to thrive and occasionally death. ...
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Bees research shows not all neonicotinoids are the same

The group of chemical insecticides known as neonicotinoids have been identified as presenting a serious risk to bee populations, leading to bans on their use. But at least one may be unfairly named among the offenders when it comes to risks to bumblebees, according to new research led by the University of Dundee. The new study found that one of the neonicotinoid insecticides –...
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£7M research awards for control and eradication of bovine TB

Nine projects totalling more than £7M have been awarded by BBSRC, the National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement & Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs), and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) as part of an integrated programme of research on bovine tuberculosis (TB). The programme, comprising two separate calls, aims to promote a step change in bovine...
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Scientists determine how to control parasite without harming bees

The parasitic mite Varroa destructor (varroa) is generally agreed to be the greatest threat facing honey bees worldwide. Despite much research, losses continue due to lack of effective control measures, because the mite has become resistant to several commonly used chemicals. The natural product oxalic acid has been widely used in mainland Europe but surprisingly little previous research...
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TB Advantage - new genetic index to help dairy farmers breed for improved resistance to bovine tuberculosis

AHDB Dairy has recently published a new genetic index to help  help dairy farmers make informed decisions to breed cows which have an improved resistance to bovine tuberculosis (bTB). The index was developed following research into the genetics of bTB by  the University of Edinburgh, Roslin Institute and Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC ), s upported by Defra and the Welsh...
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Researchers reveal atomic-level structure of the bluetongue virus

Researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) have  published  the atomic-level structure of the bluetongue virus (BTV), a deadly disease of cattle, in the journal  Nature Structural & Molecular Biology.  These results are a step forward in the develoment of a vaccine against BTV, and...
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Bovine TB biosecurity plan and information hub launched

New tools and advice to help farmers protect their herds from TB have been unveiled as part of a new campaign to help eradicate bovine TB, Farming Minister George Eustice announced on Thursday, 12 November 2015. Defra, the Animal and Plant Health Agency, the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, the National Farmers’ Union, the British Cattle Veterinary Association and Landex...
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Salmon industry to gain from £2.9 million cleaner-fish projects

A consortium of academic, government and aquaculture industry bodies have announced projects worth £2.9 million to increase the use of cleaner-fish in the Scottish salmon industry. Initiated by the Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre (SAIC), the research will focus on lumpsuckers, a species of fish that is known to eat sea lice, a natural parasite which feed on both wild and farmed...
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New study links intensive farming practices to bovine TB

Intensive farming practices such as larger herd size, maize growth, fewer hedgerows and the use of silage have been linked to higher risk of bovine TB, new research has concluded. A study by the University of Exeter, funded by BBSRC and published in the Royal Society journal Biological Letters, analysed data from 503 farms which have suffered a TB breakdown alongside 808 control...
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Promiscuity of H3N8 flu virus raises concern as scientists demonstrate some strains can go undetected in pigs

Scientists have shown for the first time that two different strains of the H3N8 influenza A virus (IAV) are able to infect and replicate in pigs; one isolated from seals and an avian strain circulating in poultry in the US. The study, which was led by Dr Maria Montoya from The Pirbright Institute in Surrey and CReSA in Barcelona, also revealed that the standard Haemagglutination...
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Welsh Government develops "TB Dashboard" to illustrate disease situation in Wales

The Welsh Government has developed a TB dashboard as a way of visually presenting TB data visually with the intention of making the information easier to understand. The TB Dashboard for 2015 quarter 2 can be viewed at  http://gov.wales/docs/drah/publications/150918-tb-dashboard.pdf For further information please visit the Welsh Government's Bovine TB Eradition Programme...
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New € 9 million research consortium to develop parasite vaccines

The PARAGONE project (vaccines for animal parasites), led by Moredun Research Institute, has  been awarded a  Horizon 2020  grant of just under 9 million euros to work on the development of vaccines to help control parasitic diseases of animals . The project involves 17 international scientific and industrial partners who will collaborate on the development of new...
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USDA invests $27.6m in new animal production and health projects

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) has announced more than $27.6 million in funding for projects that will boost food security through improved animal production and health. Both of these areas contribute significantly to the nation's food production, food security, and economy. The awards to support research, education, and...
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Global alliance to bring together research on avian diseases

The Global Alliance for Research on Avian Disease (GARAD) conference will be held between 29 June – 1 July, creating global partnerships to bring together the academic community and poultry industry. The partnership, led by The Pirbright Institute will share and exchange latest research advances, promote collaborations and maximize the use of resources and expertise to progressively...
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Vaccines developed for H5N1 and H7N9 avian influenza strains

A recent study with Kansas State University researchers details vaccine development for two new strains of avian influenza that can be transmitted from poultry to humans. The strains have led to the culling of millions of commercial chickens and turkeys as well as the death of hundreds of people. The new vaccine development method is expected to help researchers make vaccines for...
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Global map of antibiotic consumption in livestock predicts rising levels over next 15 years

An international team of researchers has recently published a global map of antibiotic consumption in livestock, alongside their predictions for rising levels of antibiotic usage over the next 15 years. It is generally agreed that the use of antimicrobials in livestock contributes to the spread of drug-resistant pathogens in both livestock and humans. Worringly, this study suggests...
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Pig-borne disease most likely jumped into humans when rearing practices changed

The most virulent strains of Streptococcus suis , the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in adult humans in parts of southeast Asia and in pigs around the world, are likely to have evolved and become widespread in pigs at the same time as changes in rearing practices, according to research from an international consortium publishedin the journal Nature Communications . Almost every...
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New detection test for subclinical mastitis in dairy cows

A test developed at Kansas State University is identifying mastitis in dairy cows earlier and for less cost than current technologies on the market. The test detects subclinical mastitis in dairy cows by screening a sample of a cow's milk for specific enzymes.  Deryl Tr oyer , professor of anatomy and physiology, is leading a project with Stefan Bossmann , professor of...
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Co-infection with two parasites can significantly reduce severity East Coast fever in cattle

When calves are infected by two parasite species at the same time, one parasite renders the other far less deadly, according to a new study published in the current journal of Science Advances. The international team of scientists has quantified, for the first time, how co-infection significantly reduces the severity of the African cattle-killing disease East Coast fever. Because...
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New study reveals widespread risk of infectious diseases to wild bees

Researchers have discovered a network of viruses, which were previously associated with managed honeybees, may now pose a widespread risk to bumblebees in the wild, according to a new study published in the Journal of Animal Ecology. The study revealed multiple interconnected diseases that are threatening several species of bumblebee and the managed honeybee, which are essential...
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Minimising ‘false positives’ is key to vaccinating against bovine TB

New diagnostic tests are needed to make vaccination against bovine tuberculosis (bovine TB) viable and the number of false positives from these tests must be below 15 out of every 10,000 cattle tested, according to research published today in the journal PLOS Computational Biology. Using mathematical modelling, researchers at the University of Cambridge and Animal & Plant Health...
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Probiotic toxin fights coldwater disease in rainbow trout

When a rainbow trout falls prey to coldwater disease, its colorful body erodes into ragged wounds and ulcers. The bacterial infection can kill up to 30 percent of hatchery stock and costs millions of dollars in economic loss. After 15 years of research, scientists at the University of Idaho and Washington State University have found a simple and effective method to combat the disease...
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2nd DairyCare Conference, 3-4 March 2015 in Cordoba, Spain

The 2nd conference of the DairyCare COST Action will take place in Cordoba, Spain on March 3rd and 4th 2015. DairyCare is focused on dairy animal health and welfare and membership open to anyone with a genuine interest in welfare research that is relevant to dairy animals.   The Conference's aims to: To define current and future state of art in...
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