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Entries with Sector Types Bioscience .

Evolutionary history of honeybees revealed by genomics

In a study published in Nature Genetics, researchers from Uppsala University present the first global analysis of genome variation in honeybees. The findings show a surprisingly high level of genetic diversity in honeybees, and indicate that the species most probably originates from Asia, and not from Africa as previously thought. The honeybee ( Apis mellifera ) is of crucial importance...
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New study finds that piglets can be weaned later with no negative effects on sow birthing frequency

University of Adelaide research has shown that piglets can be weaned later with no negative effects on sow birthing frequency. The outcome of the study at the University's Roseworthy campus, published in the journal Animal Reproduction Science, is an important finding for pig producers. It allows improvements in piglet health and welfare without loss of production. "Sows...
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Scientists sequence complete genome of E. coli Strain responsible for food poisoning

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have produced the first complete genome sequencing of a strain of  E. coli  that is a common cause of outbreaks of food poisoning in the United States. Although the  E. coli  strain EDL933 was first isolated in the 1980s, it gained national attention in 1993 when it was linked to an outbreak of food poisoning from...
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New study charts the global invasion of crop pests

Many of the world's most important crop-producing countries will be fully saturated with pests by the middle of the century if current trends continue, according to a BBSRC-funded study led by the University of Exeter. More than one-in-ten pest types can already be found in around half the countries that grow their host crops. If this spread advances at its current rate, scientists fear...
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A non-destructive analysis of wheat grain adulteration

LGC and Analytik Ltd have published a white paper reporting on their Defra funded study of a non-destructive method of analysis for wheat grain adulteration. Some types of wheat, for example durum wheat, are more expensive than others. Non-destructive methods for detecting whether grains have been adulterated by the addition of different types grains could be a valuable tool for food...
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Would you like to find out more about funding for agri-tech?

The KTN Agri-Food team is organising 2 events to promote the forthcoming round 3 of the £70m Agri-Tech Catalyst: Glasgow – Thursday 28 th August Birmingham – Tuesday 2 nd September   The Agri-Tech Catalyst The Agri-Tech Catalyst offers funding for collaborative projects , taking innovative ideas from any sector or discipline with the...
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Bees able to spot which flowers offer best rewards before landing

Bumblebees are able to connect differences in pollen quality with floral features like petal colour, and so land only on the flowers that offer the best rewards, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Exeter. Unlike nectar, bees do not ingest pollen whilst foraging on flowers, and so until now it has been unclear whether they are able to form associative...
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New USDA report and tools to measure and manage greenhouse gas emissions

The U.S. Department of Agriculture has released a report that, for the first time, provides uniform scientific methods for quantifying the changes in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and carbon storage from various land management and conservation activities. Colorado State University faculty members served as authors and external science advisors on the new report, and a CSU team is...
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New study finds that eating beef is tens times more costly to the environment than other animal-derived foods

We are told that eating beef is bad for the environment, but do we know its real cost? Are the other animal or animal-derived foods better or worse? New research at the Weizmann Institute of Science, conducted in collaboration with scientists in the US, has  compared the environmental costs of various foods  and come up with some surprisingly clear results. The findings, which are...
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Breakthrough in fight against deadly chicken disease

BBSRC-funded researchers at the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) are a step closer to finding a new cost-effective vaccine for the intestinal disease, coccidiosis, which can have devastating effects on poultry production. Chickens are the world's most popular food animal and global poultry production has tripled in the past 20 years. The world's chicken flock is now estimated to be around...
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New study shows how existing cropland could feed billions more

Feeding a growing human population without increasing stresses on Earth's strained land and water resources may seem like an impossible challenge. But according to a new report by researchers at the University of Minnesota's Institute on the Environment, focusing efforts to improve food systems on a few specific regions, crops and actions could make it possible to both meet the basic needs...
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The road to sustainable tuna aquaculture

Atlantic Bluefin Tuna is a much sought after delicacy. Due to huge fishing pressure, tuna stocks have decreased dramatically. There are now signs of recovery, according to the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, but the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) still lists the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna as endangered. So far, farming of...
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New paper-based biodegradable cover offers the real alternative to use of plastic covers in horticulture

Global vegetable production currently depends on plastics: approximately 15 million hectares of agricultural land are covered under black horticultural plastics. While alternatives to the plastic cover have been under development for several years, it is only now that a new biodegradable cover, suitable for both professional and subsistence farms, is entering the market. The use of...
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New model for Bovine TB highlights emphasis on cattle

In a BBSRC-funded study published in Nature this week, a team of researchers based at the University of Warwick has produced the first national model to investigate the bovine TB spread. The results derived from the model in the Nature paper, entitled " A dynamic model of bovine tuberculosis spread and control in Great Britain ", suggested that the majority of herd outbreaks are...
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£7M for new approaches to tackling bovine tuberculosis

BBSRC are making £7M available for UK scientists to combat bovine tuberculosis (bTB), a devastating cattle disease that is one of the biggest challenges facing cattle farming in the UK, with very serious economic consequences. While incidence of the disease is increasing, and it has spread from isolated pockets in the 1980s to cover large areas of the west and southwest of Britain, the...
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