Articles

Determining 3D body shape from 2D images

The overall aim of this problem is to use two digital photographs of a person to compute the person’s 3-D shape. The photographs are taken with ‘ordinary’ equipment; a...

A dead-reckoning system for divers

A SCUBA diver would like to know his/her position underwater, relative to the dive start position. GPS signals do not travel underwater, so this is not an option. Some transponder/pinger systems...

Efficient geometrical description of perturbations to design shapes

Manufactured artefacts such as major aircraft components (wings, fuselage, tailplane) are defined at the concept and design stages using a variety of methods, namely Computer Aided Design (CAD),...

Ageing of powders

High surface area powders are required in a number of technology areas. For example, the efficiency of catalysts is intimately linked to the surface area of the powder. In our context we are...

Propagation of uncertainty through a hazard chain

Toxic substances released into the environment pose both an immediate and delayed risk to human health. When this release is in the form of a gas or vapour it is necessary to predict where the...

Managing uncertainty in flood forecasts

The Environment Agency provides a flood forecasting and warning service to people at risk from flooding. However, flood forecasts are uncertain, which means there are sometimes differences...

Environmental fate of toxic liquids in porous media

Toxic liquid chemicals released into the environment may pose an immediate risk to human health through contact or related vapour hazards. However, they can also interact with surfaces and...

Effect of distributed energy systems on the electricity grid

Ecotricity is an ethical energy company, being both an independent generator of renewable electricity and an electricity and gas supplier to circa 40,000 domestic and business customers. The...

Modelling propensity to buy for UK business

    Dealing with ‘big data’ in the business world only through traditional database techniques is almost impossible but coming to terms with...

Hardware-constrained matching algorithms

These are two independent problems in the same problem domain. 1) Given a weighted bipartite graph, the optimal maximum weighted matching can be found using Edmonds Algorithm. In order to...

Interpreting Pharmaceutical Screening Test Results

The pharmaceutical industry screens many thousands of compounds against a disease target to help select promising candidates for new medicines. This screening can typically take two forms,...

Efficient Si-melting

In a metallurgical process at Elkem there is a need for efficient melting of silicon. Some relevant data for Si (Wikipedia): Melting point: 1414 °C Heat capacity at 25...

Analytical solutions for compartmental models of contaminant transport in enclosed spaces

Understanding the transport of hazardous airborne materials within buildings and other enclosed spaces is important for predicting and mitigating the impacts of deliberate terrorist releases of...

Scheduling a future air transport system

The global air transport system has changed dramatically following the first scheduled passenger flight on January 1st 1914 from St Petersburg, Florida to Tampa. In 2009 4.76 trillion revenue...

Modelling the effect of friction on explosives

Safety is of paramount importance both in storage and deployment of explosives in both military and civilian applications. Explosives are typically surrounded by other inert materials which...

Radar Signal Processing for Landmine Detection

The impact of landmines on countries recovering from conflict is generally well understood but less well known is the difficulty of detecting minimum metal landmines. Many minefields are...

(Re)Insurance Portfolio Optimisation

  The topic for the internship is at the cutting-edge of financial and mathematical analysis in the reinsurance market, and is looking at how a reinsurance organisation would maximise...

Automatic Policy Enforcement Exchange

The topic for the internship is a central one in information systems security: sensitive data leak prevention. From malicious intent to simple negligence, from a genuine (accidental) error to...

Green buildings-thermal comfort and energy consumption

The objective of this Industrial CASE PhD project is to develop novel mathematical models for the prediction of thermal comfort and energy consumption in green buildings. Wall heat transfers for...

Isentropic Compression-Release Experiments

The objective of this Industrial CASE PhD project is to improve the analysis of isentropic compression experiments by including the contribution due to shear strength. The incorporation of...
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Special Interest Group in Environmental Risk Management

The Industrial Mathematics Special Interest Group (SIG) in Environmental Risk Management was...

Maintenance inspection design software for full-scale industrial systems

Asset inspection and maintenance is an important activity. The ability to use data from...

Green buildings-thermal comfort and energy consumption

The objective of this Industrial CASE PhD project is to develop novel mathematical models for...