Melvin Brown

Dr Melvin Brown

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Selected other Industrial Mathematics news

Research and development information services news feeds selected for the Industrial Mathematics KTN.

Mathematical model of clustering and image analysis reveal how cells self-organise

Europe's resilience of natural gas networks during conflicts and crises probed with maths

On the edge of chaos: distribution of physical properties has previously unknown fractal structure

Mutual information: a better way to make sense of 'Big Data?'

Kleiber's Law: how evolution shapes the geometries of life

Mathematical model for reliable prediction of invasion dynamics

New algorithm to streamline solutions to network 'max flow' problem

Mathematics for safer medicine: data mining and uncertainty quantification

Soap bubbles for predicting cyclone intensity?

Simple mathematical formula describes human struggles

New mathematical theory for understanding the global spread of epidemics

New mathematical model to help businesses and policy makers determine the best locations for food distributors

Picking the best model is about sticking to the simplest line of reasoning

New modelling technique could eliminate the need to build costly engineering prototypes

Biochemists and mathematicians develop model of how a biological molecule interacts with water 

Mathematical analysis helps untangle bacterial chromosomes

After 84 years, von Neumann-Day math problem finally solved

The mathematics of plants: biologists uncover rules that govern leaf design

New algorithm to alleviate traffic flow instabilities

Mathematical study of photosynthesis clears the path to developing new super-crops

Influence of peer pressure calculated by mathematician

Simulation accurately captures the evolution of ancient complex societies

Breakthrough in cryptography may result in more secure computing

Tracking criminal movement using mathematics

Robots take over economy: global ecology of interacting robots trade at speeds too fast for humans

Financial innovation raises portfolio risks

Simple mathematics sheds new light on a long-studied biological process

Stabilizing aircraft during takeoff and landing using mathematics

Mathematical models and lab-based synthetic biology provide clues to trade-offs in financial investments and evolution

Mathematical algorithm encrypts computer code to allow execution but prevent deciphering

Mathematical modeling sheds new light on the cause of pandemic influenza

Mathematical models target disease with drugs chosen by your DNA

Link between quantum physics and game theory found

Biological arithmetic: plants do sums to get through the night

Cities are a new kind of complex system: part social reactor, part network

Mathematical modelling used in the fight against cancer

Multi-scale mathematical modelling of dynamics of structure formation in cell systems 

Credit card fraudsters quickly exposed 

Pendulum swings back on 350-year-old mathematical mystery

Mathematics de-clutters cancer-cell data, revealing tumor evolution, treatment leads

Surges in latent infections: mathematical analysis of viral blips

Mathematical models to better combat HIV

Einstein's 'spooky action' common in large quantum systems

Heady mathematics: describing popping bubbles in a foam

Mathematicians help unlock brain function

Mathematical model measures hidden HIV

How to manage motorway tolls through the Game Theory

Mathematical models out-perform doctors in predicting cancer patients' responses to treatment

New mathematical model shows how society becomes polarized

Mathematics provides a shortcut to timely, cost-effective interventions for HIV

How does innovation take hold in a community? Mathematical modeling can provide clues

Swarm intelligence: new collective properties of swarm dynamics uncovered

New lung cancer study takes page from Google's playbook

Mathematical modelling to better understand the risk factors that lead to disease

Improved synchronicity: preventive care for the power grid

Short algorithm, long-range consequences

A physiological model for sap exudation in maple trees

Statistical physics offers a new way to look at climate

Sizes within a species appear to follow a universal distribution

Fermat's Last Theorem and more can be proved more simply

Big data: searching large amounts of data quickly and efficiently

Quantum algorithm breakthrough: performs a true calculation for the first time

Short algorithm, long-range consequences: implications for huge range of practical problems

Mathematical models to understand cancer's evolution and how to treat it

Taking the gamble out of DNA sequencing

Largest known prime number discovered; has 17,425,170 digits

New algorithm elucidates structure of liquids and how they flow through porous media

The mathematics behind the growth of 'coffee rings'

Some games simply too complex for the human mind to understand

Iridescence in flowering plants and the role it may play in attracting pollinators

Mathematical model explains how birds correct mistakes to say on key

Mathematical formula to decipher the geometry of surfaces like that of cauliflower

Mathematical formula gives new glimpse into the magical mind of Ramanujan

Mathematics helps mobiles and tablets match eyes' ability to switch from sunshine to shadow

Precursors of environmental collapse revealed by mathematical model

Mathematical model reveals how huddling penguins share heat fairly

Mathematical modelling of relationships: love affair dynamics

Species persistence or extinction

Algorithm offers new technique for analyzing data that fluctuate over time

A computational journey into pure mathematics

Disaster defense: Balancing costs and benefits

Computational medicine enhances way doctors detect, treat disease

Turbulent flows in 2-D can be calculated in new model

Mathematics and the ocean: Movement, mixing and climate modeling

Formula unlocks secrets of cauliflower's geometry

Fighting pandemics with mathematics

Traditional courtyards: an example of eco-efficiency for architects

What number is halfway between 1 and 9? Is it 5 -- or 3?

Probability maps help sniff out food contamination

Finding the statistical fingerprints of election thieves

Mathematics and fine art: digitizing paintings through image processing

Mathematicians show how shallow water may help explain tsunami power

Treating disease by the numbers

Making a beeline takes trial and error

Mathematical models of the blood flow in the cardiovascular system

A mathematical model reveals commonality within the diversity of leaf decay

Travelling Salesman Problem special case: 30-year-old problem solved

Mathematicians offer unified theory of dark matter and dark energy

Mathematical model may lead to safer chemotherapy

Applying algorithm to social networks can reveal hidden connections criminals use to commit fraud

Math ability requires crosstalk in the brain

Mathematical model helps design efficient multi-drug therapies

Identifying aggressive breast cancers by interpreting the mathematical patterns in the cancer genome

Physics and math shed new light on biology by mapping the landscape of evolution

Simple mathematical computations underlie brain circuits

New model for animated faces and bodies

New method for describing extremely complicated shapes

Mathematicians solve decade-old debate on regulation of protein production by microRNAs in cells

New algorithm drastically reduces gene sequencing time

Simple mathematcal pattern describes shape of neuron 'jungle'

Mathematicians challenge key ecological theory

Secure function evaluation from theory to tools

Mathematical model for remapping gang turf

Mathematical algorithm leads to source of pollution

New mathematical approach to simulating the electronic behavior of noncrystalline materials

Mathematicians conjure matter waves inside an invisible hat

Statistical model lets patient's past forecast future ailments

When differentiation and integration do not meet

Driving without a blind spot: mathematical algorithm improves mirror design

Predicting burglary patterns through math modeling of crime

New math model can help computers understand inference

Mathematicians can conjure matter waves inside an invisible hat

Math predicts size of clot-forming cells

New twist on ancient math problem could improve medicine, microelectronics

Researchers develop new way to generate superluminal pulses

Automatic detection of abnormal behaviour and threats in crowded spaces 

Better quantum cryptography security, qubit by qubit

Stochastic reserving based upon mathematical statistics 

Forty-year-old Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry phasing problem solved

Inequality and investment bubbles: a clearer link is established

First-ever image of a flat torus in 3-D

Number line is learned, not innate human intuition

Sports data help confirm theory explaining left-handed minority in general population

New quantum encryption method foils hackers

Can mathematics help Usain Bolt run faster?

Computer scientist leads the way to the next revolution in artificial intelligence

Mathematical methods predict movement of oil and ash following environmental disasters

Swarming and transporting 

Bacteria use chat to play the 'prisoner's dilemma' game in deciding their fate

Computer model of spread of dementia can predict future disease patterns 

Escaping parasites and pathogens

Mathematical model describes the collaboration of individual neurons

First computer model of how buds grow into leaves

How the tiger got its stripes: Proving Turing's tiger stripe theory

A classic model for ecological stability revised, 40 years later

Mathematical models for diffusion controlled systems: diffusion on cell membrane, cluster formation and maintenance 

Robot reconnoiters uncharted terrain 

Computer program that thinks like humans

To make a social robot, key is satisfying the human mind

Barriers to the use of fingerprint evidence in court is unlocked by statistical model

Storm warning: Financial tsunami heading this way

Predicting system crashes in nature and society

Risk-based passenger screening could make air travel safer

Gaming technology for calculating floods

Faster-than-fast Fourier transform

Robot biologist solves complex problem from scratch

Tool detects patterns hidden in vast data sets

Computing: Improving security in the cloud

Patterns seen in spider silk and melodies connected

Powerful mathematical model greatly improves predictions for species facing climate change

Protecting confidential data with math

Using math and light to detect misshapen red blood cells

New algorithm could substantially speed up MRI scans

Survival on a warming planet: mathematical model shows biodiversity can help

Fighting violent gang crime with math

Mathematically detecting stock market bubbles before they burst

New method in spectral analysis: measuring the distance of processes

Natural disasters: networking robots and sensor systems to help first responders react more quickly

Experimental mathematics: computing power leads to insights

New equation predicts molecular forces in hydrophobic interactions

Limited decision-making ability of individual cells is bolstered in masses

Studying random structures with confetti

Speedy generic approval may not benefit consumers as much as expected, mathematical model shows

Safer skies: new algorithm could help prevent midair collisions

Novel math formula can predict success of certain cancer therapies

New model for speech and sound recognition

Preschoolers' grasp of numbers predicts math performance in school years

Secure function evaluation from theory to tools

Europeans develop better flood forecasting tools

Stopping dengue fever with bacteria and math

Mathematical model of language incorporates the need for repetition

Mathematical model predicts weight with varying diet and exercise changes

Math-based model for deep-water oil drilling

Disordered networks synchronise faster than small world networks

Evolutionary computation offers flexibility, insight

Italian academia: Statistical analysis points to high frequency of last names in disciplines, institutions

New way to manage energy in the smart grid

New face model gives animators intuitive control of expressions

Researchers unravel the magic of flocks of starlings

Math ability is inborn, new research suggests

Schoolchildren can learn complex subject matters on their own

Scheduling method for umpires in Major League Baseball

Electronic tongue identifies cava wines

Using mathematics to fight cancer

Formal model of the cognitive basis of counting

New model of dynamics of clouds and rain is based on a predator-prey population model

Using chaos to model geophysical phenomena

Math framework could help convert 'junk' energy into useful power

Computer modelling method for more accurate and capable electrodes to stimulate nerves

Increasing complexity of models does not necessarily increase their accuracy

Elastic network modelling reveals causes of HIV-drug resistance

Model finds optimal fiber optic network connections 10,000 times more quickly

Multi-scale and distributed computing algorithms for bio-molecular simulation

Demonstrating the importance of dynamical systems theory

Model examines factors that contribute to emergence of new species

Speedy generic approval may not benefit consumers as much as expected, mathematical model shows

Building a better math teacher

Einstein and Fourier key to new computer vision that mimics how humans perceive 3-D shapes

Poor 'gut sense' of numbers contributes to persistent math difficulties

Roadmap published for dynamic mapping of estrogen signalling in breast cancer

Quantum cryptography: Perfect eavesdropper illustrates overlooked loophole in secure communications technology

Predicting randomness

Ordered fear plays a strong role in market chaos

Protein folding made easy

Randomness rules in turbulent flows

Mathematical models provide insights into cholera vaccination strategies for Zimbabwe

Quantum physics behind computer temperature

European smooth particle hydrodynamics initiative

Dyscalculia: disorder affects roughly as many people as Dyslexia

Mathematically ranking ranking methods

Species re-emergence after collapse: possible but different, mathematical model shows

Modern-day game theory techniques shed light on legendary military bluffs

Risk indexes do not predict the economic future of country

Intuitions regarding geometry are universal, study suggests

Math model offers clues into ecosystem activity

New algorithm offers ability to influence systems such as living cells or social setworks 

New system increases reliability of opinion polls

Fractal dimension analysis aids breast cancer prognosis

Structural analysis of mathematical proofs

Secure function evaluation from theory to tools

Advanced wind modeling and forecasting of extreme weather situations for large-scale wind power integration

Electric cars schedule charging time

Predicting crowd behaviour

Physicists discover new way to visualize warped space and time

Mathematical model simulating rat whiskers provides insight into sense of touch

Simple arithmetic for faster, more secure websites

Twitter analysis provides stock predictions

Algorithm for exterior defibrillators that correctly identifies both adult and child arrhythmias

The role of sorting for estimation, market design and development 

Mathematical Tools for the Management of Uncertain and Vague Information

Researchers prove safety of quantum cryptology

Systematic Mathematical Theory Exploration within the Theorema System: Case Studies

Professor uses math analytics to project 2011 Major League Baseball winners

Deciphering hidden code reveals brain activity

Universal property of music discovered

Poorly presented risk statistics could misinform health decisions

Can bees color maps better than ants?

Researchers gain new insight into the foreign exchange market

Describing humor with an equation

Gender stereotypes about math develop as early as second grade

Statistics can help us avoid counterfeit goods on the Internet, study shows

Final Report - SNIR (Social networks and idiosyncratic risk in the hedge funds industry) 

New mathematical model predicts some of the peculiarities of human vision

Using math to navigate the Beatles 'Strawberry Fields Forever'

Researchers develop scheduling tool to save time on public transport

Tetrahedral Dice Pack Tighter Than Any Other Shape

Ultrasound and algorithms could lead to better breast cancer screening

Algorithms and software will match sketches with mugshots in police databases

Quantum computers a step closer to reality 

Doing good with operations research

'Periodic table of shapes' to give a new dimension to math

Name that shape! Building blocks for 5D universe 

Advanced arterial hypotension adverse event prediction through a novel Bayesian neural network 

Math may help calculate way to find new drugs for HIV and other diseases

Mathematical model could help predict and prevent future extinctions

Mathematicians use cell 'profiling' to detect abnormalities -- including cancer

Mathematical model explains how complex societies emerge, collapse

New math theories reveal the nature of numbers

Soap films help to solve mathematical problems

With cloud computing, the mathematics of evolution may get easier to learn

Go figure: Math model may help researchers with stem cell, cancer therapies

Beating the competition: Scientists discover how the size of networks can skyrocket

Mathematical model for moving bottlenecks in road traffic

Mathematics in its prime!

Property testing and sublinear algorithms for languages and combinatorial properties

Geometry and stability of singularities in integrable systems 

Strange new twist: Researchers discover Möbius symmetry in metamaterials

You only live once: Our flawed understanding of risk helps drive financial market instability

Energy use in the media cloud: 1,175 gigawatts by 2030, experts predict

Researchers find mathematical patterns to forecast earthquakes

Europe’s leading scientists urge creation of a CERN for Mathematics

Mathematical equation calculates cost of walking for first time

Model checking unleashed

EU-funded mathematicians piece together radio frequency design puzzle

Adaptive higher-order variational methods for aerodynamic applications in industry

Mathematical model of the life cycle of red blood cells may predict risk of anemia

Mathematical model may result in better environment measures for the Baltic

Scientists helping keep in-demand smoked salmon safe to eat, thanks to new mathematical model

Tiny brained bees solve a complex mathematical problem

Mathematical model helps marathoners pace themselves to a strong finish

Researchers break speed barrier in solving important class of linear systems

New equation could advance research in solar cell materials

New search method tracks down influential ideas

Model unfolds proteins gently

EU funds project to tackle systemic financial market risks

Why it's hard to crash the electric grid

New tool in the fight against tuberculosis: Algorithm enables cell-scale simulations

Quantum computing research edges toward practicality

Quantum error correcting code discovered

Individual mutations are very slow to promote tumor growth, mathematical modeling shows

Hackers blind quantum cryptographers

Less is more in the fight against terrorism

Facial recognition technology aimed at spotting terrorists

Simpler mathematical model for reproducing bacterial growth patterns developed

New model may simplify high-dose radiosurgery planning

Quantum computer moves closer to reality

Peer review highly sensitive to poor refereeing, claim researchers

Filaments swarm and swim in circles

New model may simplify high-dose radiosurgery planning

Energy technologies not enough to sufficiently reduce carbon emissions, expert concludes

Laws of physics vary throughout the universe, new study suggests

Cloud computing method greatly increases gene analysis

Big bang was followed by chaos, mathematical analysis shows

Gambling on breast scans: Monte Carlo analysis could help reduce number of cancers missed by mammography

Probing for principles underlying animal flock patterns: A model system for group behavior of nanomachines

Math from the heart: Simulating stent design and coating

Input-output trade-offs found in human information processing

New computer model advances climate change research

Probabilistic modeling of verbal autopsy data is best for public health decision making, study finds

Scientists outline a 20-year master plan for the global renaissance of nuclear energy

Best way to pour champagne? 'Down the side' wins first scientific test

Energy storage system deals with sudden draws on the grid

Students' understanding of the equal sign not equal, professor says

New methods, new math speed detection of drug-resistant malaria

Cricket Legend Bradman Stands Test of Time

Computer scientists build 'pedestrian remover'

Gaming for a cure: Computer gamers tackle protein folding

Crowd control and traffic problems: Mutually entangled social, economic, and technological systems under investigation

Advanced Architectures and Control Concepts for More Microgrids - MORE MICROGRIDS 

Seeing the forest and the trees reveals heart problems

Position-based quantum cryptography: New method for securing location-sensitive data

Can chaos theory help predict heart attacks?

Math model of colon inflammation singles out dangerous immune cells

Bringing academic insights to the software industry 

Surprisingly regular patterns in hurricane energy discovered

Mathematical models for breast cancer detection with microwave tomography are cheaper and less risky

Birds flock with scale invariance

Mathematical formula predicts clear favorite for the FIFA World Cup

New computer program simulates protein folding faster than previous methods

Switching off your lights has a bigger impact than you might think, says new study

Stability and utility of floating wind turbines shown in new study

Fuzzy logic predicts cell aging

Major step ahead for cryptography

Maintaining privacy in a cloud: More secure environment for cloud computing

Physicists build inexpensive land mine detection system using off-the-shelf components

PVS based verification tools for UML models  

Computational model sheds light on how the brain recognizes objects

Grid architecture for wind power production with energy storage through load shifting in refrigerated warehouses 

Comprehensive transport model for Europe 

A quick fix for queues

New automated tool 'debugs' nuclear weapon simulations

'Law-like' mathematical patterns in human preference behaviour discovered

Novel 'cuckoo search algorithm' beats particle swarm optimization in engineering design

Decoding our network communities

Game theoretic machine learning methods can help explain long periods of conflict

Second order statistics of wave crest elevation 

EU mobile device set to catch homemade bombs 

Mathematicians solve 140-year-old Boltzmann equation

Sum of digits of prime numbers is evenly distributed: New mathematical proof of hypothesis

Predicting economic crises with 'econophysics'

Superconducting qubits: quantum computing gets connected

Storing green electricity as natural gas

A quantum leap for cryptography

Mathematicians offer elegant solution to evolutionary conundrum

Maths, a problem or a tool to solve the problem?

International Conference on Modelling and Simulation in Engineering, Economics and Management, Barcelona, Spain

Random, but not by chance: A quantum random-number generator for encryption, security

Bayesian methods and software for blind source separation of nonlinear, non-independent, and dynamic mixtures

New software design technique allows programs to run faster

Why certain symmetries are never observed in nature

Better military technology does not lead to shorter wars, analysis reveals

Green computing: New world record in energy-efficient data processing

'SimHydro2010 - hydraulic modelling and uncertainty', Nice, France
Workshop on 'Enabling technologies: infrastructures for collaborative enterprises', Larissa, Greece

Mathematical innovation turns blood draw into information gold mine

Leaf veins inspire a new model for distribution networks

Software sniffs out criminals by the shape of their nose

Biologists use mathematics to advance our understanding of health and disease

Simple math explains dramatic beak shape variation in Darwin's finches

Congress on universal logic, Lisbon, Portugal

Workshop on cryptanalysis, Egham, UK

Can math and science help solve crimes? Scientists work with Los Angeles police to identify and analyze crime 'hotspots'

The mathematics behind a good night's sleep

New approach to generating truly random numbers may improve Internet security, weather forecasts

Putting the Business into STEM Education

Teachers and employers are invited to explore how to inspire students

with the potential of STEM - Science, Technology, Engineering and



Join a free, twilight (4.30-7pm) networking event to learn how

businesses and schools can connect in order to engage students with

STEM and help them:


- explore real-world applications

- discover career opportunities

- develop the vital skills they need to be effective and successful in business


The event will be useful to teachers and employers, whether

experienced in engaging students with STEM, or looking for guidance

and support to begin ‘Putting the Business into STEM’.


There are twelve events being held around the country during May and

June. Visit to register and for more

information or call 07531 810881.


Central London - 3 May

Bikenhead, Wirral - 8 May

Taunton - 17 May

Manchester - 22 May

Wolverhampton - 24 May

Luton - 29 May

Middlesborough - 30 May

Dartford - 31 May

Reading - 12 June

Rotherham - 12 June

Cheltenham - 13 June

Nottingham - 14 June

David Willetts highlights PURE in his 'Science and the City' speech at Willis, London

On 7 March 2012, at Willis in London, David Willetts took the opportunity to recognise one of Britain's business success stories: insurance. He also carried forward his case for high-tech growth, highlighting the importance of education and strong links with the science and research base. 


Drawing attention to the importance of understanding the world to better judge risk, Willetts highlighted a number of areas of research actvity, including earth observation, space science and environmental science.  In particular, he mentioned that the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) is leading the £2.8million PURE programme on probability, uncertainty and risk in the Environment – improving assessment and quantification in natural hazards by developing new methods and demonstrating their applicability. The winning research consortium bid for PURE will be announced next month.


PURE (Probability, Uncertainty and Risk in the Environment) is a  Knowledge Exchange Network and Research Programme.  The PURE online group supports the Knowledge Exchange component of PURE. Its aim is to be the leading national network bringing together researchers, industrialists and policy-makers in uncertainty and risk for natural hazards, through collaborative working, knowledge exchange and the development of best practice. It will help to shape the direction of future research and provide valuable information to practitioners in environmental risk management.


To keep up to date with developments in the PURE programme, please register on _connect, and make sure you are joined to the PURE online group by using the button in the banner at the top of its overview page.  In order to access the event materials you must be joined to the group and logged in.


The PURE Knowledge Exchange Network is delivered on behalf of NERC and the Technology Strategy Board by the Industrial Mathematics Knowledge Transfer Network (IMKTN) in collaboration with Financial Services Knowledge Transfer Network (FSKTN), British Geological Survey (BGS), and the Environment Agency (EA).


Innovation is no easy answer cautions 'innovation science'

Innovation has improved human living standards to an unprecedented level, and is the key to further progress; but it can be a double-edged sword, as its effects are not necessarily always positive. Moreover, innovation policy is notoriously difficult to get right, scientists and academics told EU policy-makers at the European Parliament during a day-long symposium on the “Science of Innovation”.  For more see the report on CORDIS Wire.

Call for problems in risk and uncertainty announced by PURE Knowledge Exchange Network

PURE - Probability, Uncertainty and Risk in the Environment


Are you working in the area of natural hazards?

Would you benefit from interacting with expert mathematicians to address risk and uncertainty challenges?

Would you like to create new academic collaborations?


If the answer to any of these questions is yes, please submit a problem to this year’s Study Group with Industry!

The PURE Knowledge Exchange Network is pleased to announce a call for problems to be presented at the 85th European Study Group with Industry held at the University of East Anglia, between 16th and 20th April 2012.


What is the Study Group?

These week-long workshops were initiated by the University of Oxford in 1968, and provide a forum for industrial scientists to work alongside academic mathematicians on problems of direct industrial relevance. At each Study Group, mathematicians from around the world gather to work intensively on problems brought by outside companies. The problems can come from a variety of areas, including: fluid mechanics, chemistry, electronics, engineering, transport, environment, finance, optimisation, biology and medicine. Recent examples related to natural hazards include accounting for uncertainties in earthquake modelling and investigating hurricane clusters. Please see more details about this year’s event at


What will you get?

The meeting starts on Monday morning with a series of presentations from the companies that outline the problem they would like investigated. The participants then split into groups to work on the different problems for the rest of the week. On the Friday, each group delivers an oral presentation to the meeting on the progress they have made on the problem.  A formal written report of the work is also produced following the meeting. Further collaborations between the companies and the academics may then result.


How much does it cost?

The fee to present a problem related to probability, uncertainty and risk in natural hazards will be £2,000. This year we are able to support 1 or 2 problems at this rate.


How to apply?

If you have an idea, please get in touch with PURE Network Manager, Melvin Brown at


Deadline is 16th March 2012.


For more information on Study Groups, please visit:


For more information on the PURE Network, please visit:



Please register for the new KTN web platform

The Industrial Mathematics KTN has its online presence on this the Technology Strategy Board's  _connect platform, which provides new levels interaction for members and also provides easy access to the activities of all KTNs.


To gain access to the full functionality and content including the use of social media such as blogging, do please register at /web/mathsktn, and then press the button labelled 'Join this network' .  _connect enables you to keep up-to-date with KTN activities and events, to share comments on posted articles and to create your own blogs. By registering now, you will be ready to make use of this functionality and to take advantage of the benefits of membership.

51 new FP7 calls for proposals launched

The European Commission's Directorate-General for Research has published a series of calls for proposals under the 'Cooperation', 'Capacities', 'People' and 'Ideas' Programmes of the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7).  The calls come under a wide variety of themes and topics.

PURE: Probability, Uncertainty and Risk in the Environment: Launch and Brokerage

On Wednesday 14th September 2011, there will be an important event in the development of a new programme of research and knowledge exchange in the area of Probability, Uncertainty and Risk in the Environment (PURE).  The PURE programme will bring together researchers, industrialists and policy-makers in uncertainty and risk for natural hazards.


The origins of PURE were the approval in May 2010 by the Council of NERC (the Natural Environment Research Council) of an Action of Assessment and Quantification of Uncertainty and Risk in Natural Hazards.  This Action is designed to significantly change the way in which uncertainty and risk are assessed within Natural Hazards (NH) science by developing new methods for the assessment and quantification of uncertainty and risk.  It aims to propagate best practice and a drive towards standardisation, across the wider NH community.


Two high level goals reflect the structure of the action:


1)         to improve the assessment and quantification of uncertainty and risk in NH, by developing new methods and demonstrating their applicability to enhance the uptake of NH science; and

2)         to stimulate good practice guidance and standardisation of uncertainty and risk across the NH community.


Goal 1 will be addressed by a PURE Research Programme, to be established in early 2012, in response the NERC Announcement of Opportunity (closing date 11 Oct 2011).  The PURE Knowledge Exchange Network will support the work of the Research Programme and also address Goal 2.


The event on 14th September will be held in the Old Library at Lloyd's of London and consists of two sessions. The first session is a Brokerage Session for researchers, users and policy-makers who are interested in the PURE Research Programme. The second session will launch the PURE Knowledge Exchange Network. You may register for one or both sessions, which will run as follows:


12.30: Arrivals for Brokerage Session and Lunch

13:30: Start of the Brokerage Session

15:30: Arrivals for the PURE Network Launch and Tea

16:00: Start of the PURE Network Launch and Drinks Reception

18:00: Close


Registration is required prior to attending.  To register for this event, please complete the online form

by Tuesday 6th September.  Please do forward this invitation to others, if you believe they may be interested in attending the event.

New computing infrastructure needed for climate science

Tim Palmer (University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts) gave the Rothschild Visiting Professor lecture at the Isaac Newton Institute in December 2010. Under the title "After Climategate and Cancun; What Next for Climate Science?", he noted the arguments of so-called climate "sceptics", that the cost of major emissions cuts is not justified given existing uncertainties in climate predictions, and observed that they have substantial political traction.


Tim expressed his belief that we are unlikely to move from the current stalemate without further advancing the science of climate change, in particular without reducing these uncertainties substantially. He explained that these uncertainties exist because, although we know the equations of climate at the level of partial differential equations, we do not know how to solve these equations without at the same time producing biases and errors which are as large as the climate signal we are trying to predict. He outlined recent work at the at the Isaac Newton Institute, designed to reduce uncertainty in climate prediction. One is in the area of stochastic closure schemes for climate models, the other is in the area of data assimilation.


However, putting this new science into practice will require new computing infrastructure hitherto unavailable to climate science. Tim called for renewed and CERN-like dedication both by scientists and by politicians around the world: by scientists to focus their efforts on the science needed to reduce uncertainties, and by politicians to fund the technological infrastructure needed to enable this science to be done as effectively and speedily as possible.


A video of the talk can be found on the Isaac Newton Institute website and on YouTube . Tim also spoke on this topic at the Climate Change Question Time event on 24 November 2010, at the Willis Building in London.

2010 Mathematics-in-Medicine Study Group: Final reports available

The final reports from the recent MMSG at the University of Strathclyde are now all complete and can be downloaded from the MMSG website.


The next UK MMSG will take place at the University of Reading from Monday 5th to Friday 9th September 2011.  Registration is not open yet, but please put those dates in your diary. If you know of anyone who may be interested in bringing a problem to that meeting, please get in touch with Dr Marcus Tindall:

ESF Report calls for European Institute of Mathematics for Innovation

In a report launched on 2 December in Brussels at the "Mathematics and Industry" Conference [1], the European Science Foundation calls for policy makers and funding organisations to join their efforts to fund mathematics activities through a European Institute of Mathematics for Innovation via the coordination of a virtual research infrastructure.


Andreas Schuppert from Bayer Technology Services GmbH who contributed to the report, is reported [2,3,4] to have likened the proposed Mathematics Institute to CERN: "Creating a 'CERN for mathematics', the European Institute of Mathematics for Innovation, will promote industry and academic collaboration, stimulating innovation, growth and job creation. As such, it could help achieve Europe's 2020 objectives of sustainable growth through a knowledge-based economy."


Mario Primicerio from Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Italy who chaired the ESF report, said: "Bringing together mathematicians in one organisation will make it easier for companies to access the expertise they need, while at the same time facilitating access to funds by eliminating overlap at national level."


Heather Tewkesbury of the KTN for Industrial Mathematics is on the Steering Committee of the ESF Forward Look activity that compiled the report.  The report may be downloaded from here.


Understanding mathematics boosts the economy and stimulates growth

A report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation (OECD) has found that a country's general competence in the subject is a major component in its economic success. The level of mathematical knowledge among the general population was found to have a direct relation to Gross Domestic Product.


Reported in the Daily Telegraph, Professor Brian Butterworth, Emeritus professor from the Centre of Educational Neuroscience at UCL, explains: "If you just get the lowest 10 or 11 per cent – the percentage of our population that fails to reach the OECD minimum standard at 15 – to the minimum level this will increase GDP growth by 0.44 per cent per annum."


Professor Butterworth can be heard on the BBC Radio Four Today Programme (18/11/2010).


Industrial Mathematics KTN Brochure - available for download

The Industrial Mathematics KTN Brochure explains how mathematics accelerates business innovation by using simple engagements to produce powerful results.


Registered members* of the Industrial Mathematics KTN may download the brochure in colour and in monochrome (printer friendly) versions, by first logging into this website.


To request a hardcopy of the brochure, please send an email to Heather Tewkesbury, Industrial Mathematics KTN Programme Development Director.


*To become a registered member, please use the top left panel on the Industrial Mathematics KTN website.  If you are already a member of another KTN then you may join Industrial Mathematics simply by clicking on "Join this network".



National Infrastructure Plan published

The National Infrastructure Plan was published on 25 October 2010.  


For the economy to flourish, people, goods and information must move freely. Businesses across all regions and industries need the right conditions to grow. Reliable infrastructure: energy, water, transport, digital communications and waste disposal networks and facilities, are essential to achieve this.  


The document sets out a plan for infrastructure investment in the following areas:

  • energy infrastructure;
  • transport infrastructure;
  • digital communications;
  • flood management, water and waste;
  • intellectual capital. 

The UK infrastructure investment is planned to be some £200 billion over the next five years.  A new hierarchy for infrastructure investment is identified, prioritising the maintenance and smarter use of assets, followed by targeted action to tackle network stress points and network development and, finally, delivering transformational, large scale projects that are part of a clear, long term strategy.


The implementation of the plan will be coordinated by the Economic Affairs Committee of the Cabinet, chaired by the Chancellor of the Exchequer and supported by Infrastructure UK.  


Provision of on-demand services from integrated systems: OR takes up the challenge

On 13th of October, in a well-attended workshop at the Royal Academy of Engineering in London, the Operational Research (OR) community engaged with professionals in industry and the public sector, and, with them, took steps towards identifying and meeting the challenges of providing on-demand services in energy, transport and healthcare. This industry and public sector outreach workshop was organised by the Knowledge Transfer Network for Industrial Mathematics as part of the LANCS Initiative of the Operational Research community in the UK*.


The workshop presentations surveyed the high level challenges faced by the energy, transport and health sectors, and also reviewed of the impact of recent applications of OR methods.  A lively panel discussion session articulated the sector challenges and their synergies, with a view  to determining how new OR research themes, initiatives and collaborative activities might be directed towards meeting those challenges.


Copies of the presentations are available at the links below, for those who have registered and are logged in to _connect. (To register, go to the Login panel on the top-left of  this web page.)


Welcome & Introduction

Kevin Glazebrook, Director, LANCS

Forward looks - high level challenges

Energy Sector:  Grid Operation in 2020 and the role of demand side response

Nigel Fox, Contracts & Settlements Manager, Transmission Network Operations, National Grid

Transport Sector:  Managing logistics for social economic and environmental needs

Professor Brian Collins, Chief Scientific Adviser, DfT and BIS

Health Sector:  Strategic challenges in a substantially transformed health landscape

David Bensley, Operational Research Programme Manager, Department of Health


State of the art – case studies in the application of OR

Estimating the Potential Contribution from Management of Electricity Demand

David Anelli, E.ON

Integrating the airport: fully integrated centres of excellence or silos of inefficiency?

Jason Atkin for Peter Tomlinson, NATS

OR applications and their impact in the Department of Health

Peter Bennett, Department of Health


Panel discussion

Notes of the event including the panel discussion and questions arising from the presentations are in preparation.



*Operational Research in the UK

The Operational Research (OR) community in the UK is well placed to gain insight into and help meet the challenges of providing on-demand services in energy, transport and healthcare. Operational Research uses advanced mathematical, computational and other analytical methods to improve the efficiency and quality of operations and processes.  It is a technology which plays a key role in ensuring the efficient use of resources, desired levels of operational performance and the delivery of cost effective services.  The LANCS Initiative in Foundational OR ( represents an unprecedented programme of expansion in the capabilities of the UK’s leading universities in this area of crucial economic importance.


Complimentary tickets for Innovate'10 is the leading networking, conference and exhibition event for businesses to meet other businesses, government and academia with the aim of making innovation happen – creating opportunity and growth for the future. 


Hosted by the Technology Strategy Board, Innovate 10 will address all aspects of technology innovation, with a special focus on the commercial exploitation of the DIGITAL economy, HEALTHCARE markets of the future, ENERGY generation and supply and the SUSTAINABILITY economy.  


Please contact Vera Hazelwood at if you would like to find out more about the complimentary tickets for this event.

Climate Change Risk, Adaptation and Resilience

28 September 2010: Networking event at the Willis Building, London


This one-day conference - a joint venture between LTN and Willis, will bring together industry, academia and Government to encourage innovative new solutions for assessing and adapting to climate change.


Speakers include:  Met Office, EDF, DEFRA, Arup, UK Climate Impacts Programme, Lloyd's of London, University College London, University of Greenwich, Wageningen University,Netherlands


To register, please contact Holly Parker:

Event programme











Harnessing Large and Diverse Sources of Data


The Technology Strategy Board will invest up to £7m to fund collaborative research and development projects that will lead to new technologies and strategies to help businesses extract greater value from large and diverse sources of data (or information), and which drive a robust data economy. This competition is open to all UK-based companies and research organisations in business-led consortia. Ideas are sought from all economic sectors.

Open date: 13 September 2010

Close date: 21 October 2010

Awards date: TBC



Call: 0300 321 4357



Provision of on-demand services from integrated systems: OR rises to the challenge

There are huge opportunities, challenges and synergies surrounding the provision of on-demand services in energy, transport and healthcare settings during the next decade and beyond.  In each of these sectors, provision of on-demand services to competing users is subject to infrastructure, logistical and external constraints, along with ongoing change in supply provision and demand needs.


In the energy sector, the electricity industry has traditionally relied on designed-in over-capacity to guarantee energy on demand.  However, reduction in the number power stations and the profile of investment in new nuclear and renewable generation may mean that in the future electricity may not always be available on demand.  The competing needs of consumers will need to be prioritised and scheduled to provide an optimal service subject to the new constraints and with limited resources. 


In the transport sector, the recent growth in internet shopping has facilitated a shift towards consumer-focused logistics.  Many of the delays previously facing the public in the pursuit of new consumer items have been removed.  The ‘product pathways’ through the supply chain and logistics system have been shortened and by some measures the consumer experience has been optimised.  However, the environmental impact of this provision of goods may not be sustainable, and alternative logistics (for example in use of drop points) may be required to reduce some of the inefficiencies and impact of the system as a whole. 


In the healthcare sector, there is growing interest in the optimisation of healthcare along patient pathways, to personalise the service and schedule the resources to meet the needs of individuals throughout their treatment.  The aim is to reduce the overall treatment time for a patient rather than just targeting efficiency measures at a particular part of the system.  This movement towards personalisation of service brings new challenges for the optimal scheduling of resources in healthcare. 


The Operational Research (OR) community in the UK is well placed to gain insight into and help meet these challenges.  Operational Research uses advanced mathematical, computational and other analytical methods to improve the efficiency and quality of operations and processes.  It is a technology which plays a key role in ensuring the efficient use of resources, desired levels of operational performance and the delivery of cost effective services.  The LANCS Initiative in Foundational OR ( represents an unprecedented programme of expansion in the capabilities of the UK’s leading universities in this area of crucial economic importance.  The principal aim is to strengthen and grow capability in OR in the UK with a particular emphasis on deepening the theoretical understanding of complex and uncertain real world problem solving environments.


So the OR community has decided to engage with professionals in industry and the public sector, and, with them, to take steps towards meeting the challenges of providing on-demand services in energy, transport and healthcare.  On 13th October 2010, a workshop in London will explore these issues. This industry and public sector outreach workshop is being organised by the Knowledge Transfer Network for Industrial Mathematics as part of the LANCS Initiative of the Operational Research community in the UK.


The workshop will comprise forward looks at the high level challenges faced by the energy, transport and health sectors, and a review of the impact of recent applications of OR methods.  A panel will articulate the sector challenges and their synergies, and discuss how new OR research themes, initiatives and collaborative activities can be directed towards meeting those challenges.


Would you like to participate in this activity?  Links to further details of the workshop and to a registration form can be found in this _connect article.

FP7 ICT Work Programme for 2011-12: roles for mathematics?

The process of generation of the FP7 ICT work programme (2.4 B€) for 2011-12, is coming to a close with the recent approval of the draft text in early July.  


Areas of potential interest to the Industrial Mathematics KTN community may be discovered by searching the draft text for ‘model’; they include:


ICT-2011.5.2: Digital patient modelling

ICT-2011.5.6: Governance and policy modelling

ICT-2011.9.7: FET Proactive – Dynamics of multi-level complex systems

ICT-2011.9.14: Science of global systems


This is just a selection of many calls that may be of interest to the community.  For a wider perspective, see the FP7-ICT website.

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