A variety of traits that are heritable are not routinely used in selection goals because their measurement is costly or not possible outside of the research environment (e.g. methane production by ruminants).
Developments in sensing and instrumentation technologies (e.g. modern imaging technologies) open up new recording opportunities.
In addition, high-throughput screening tools could be used on cell cultures or tissues for the prediction of phenotypes, the screening of crosses for selection and the development of biomarkers that can be used on a wider population for selection.