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Entries with tag wheat .

£4M awarded for new UK-Brazil joint projects in wheat research

A £4M investment between BBSRC and the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) has been made to support collaborations between UK and Brazilian scientists in wheat research. The funding (£2M from the Newton Fund delivered through BBSRC, with matched resources from Embrapa) has been awarded to four partnerships between the UK and Brazil. The funding aims to inform the...
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Wheat Sequencing Consortium makes data resource available to researchers

Following the January 2016 announcement of the production of a whole genome assembly for bread wheat, the  International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium  (IWGSC), having completed quality control, is now making this breakthrough resource available for researchers via the  IWGSC wheat sequence repository at URGI-INRA-Versailles, France  . Wheat...
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New gene-detecting technology brings new, resilient superwheat closer

Scientists at the John Innes Centre (JIC) and The Sainsbury Laboratory (TSL) have pioneered a new gene-detecting technology which, if deployed correctly could lead to the creation of a new elite variety of wheat with durable resistance to disease. Working with fellow scientists at TSL, Dr Brande Wulff from the JIC developed the new technology called 'MutRenSeq' which accurately pinpoints...
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Enzymes with the potential to increase wheat yields

Wheat yields could be significantly increased thanks to varieties with a superior form of a common enzyme, according to new research. Plant scientists at Lancaster University, Rothamsted Research, and The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) have been investigating a naturally occurring plant enzyme known as Rubisco to explore its ability to boost photosynthesis and...
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Unravelling chloroplast inheritance in wheat

A new study from the BBSRC strategically-funded institute Rothamsted Research reveals the way that chloroplasts are passed from one generation to another in wheat via only the maternal parent. Chloroplasts are important structures in plant cells that perform photosynthesis and mature from small precursors called plastids. Wheat, like many other plants, inherit their chloroplasts only...
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BBSRC awards major grants for poultry vaccines, new elite lines of wheat and plants that make their own fertiliser

Three high-value, long-term research projects totalling £13.9M have been awarded funding by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). They have the potential to produce cheap and effective vaccines for poultry, develop plants that can make their own fertiliser and create new ways to breed elite lines of wheat. The three grants, funded through BBSRC's...
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Scientists create first map of the wheat epigenome

Scientists at the University of Liverpool have carried out the first ever genome-wide survey of heritable molecular changes that regulate gene activity in wheat, in what could become a new tool to improve crop breeding technologies. Epigenetic marks are chemical tags which physically attach themselves to DNA, and modify its function without changing the genetic code. DNA methylation is...
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TGAC announces an important milestone in wheat research

A more complete and accurate wheat genome assembly is being made available to researchers, by The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC). This landmark resource builds on international efforts in this area and will help wheat breeders accelerate their crop improvement programmes and researchers to discover genes for key traits such as yield, nutrient use and bread-making quality. As wheat is one...
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International Wheat Yield Partnership awards funding for eight projects

The BBSRC-supported International Wheat Yield Partnership (IWYP) has funded eight selected projects from its first competitive call. The projects cover a broad range of research topics related to the IWYP goal of raising the genetic yield potential of wheat by up to 50% over the coming 20 years. IWYP launched its first competitive call for research proposals in January 2015.  Five...
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Researchers uncover new genetic markers for wheat improvement

Kansas State University wheat scientists have completed the first study of a chromosome in a tertiary gene pool and have called it a breakthrough in exploring wheat wild relatives for future crop improvement. Their study, " Exploring the tertiary gene pool of bread wheat: sequence assembly and analysis of chromosome 5M of Aegilops geniculata ," was published Sept. 27 in The Plant...
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Emmer wheat genome sequenced

A joint team from NRGene and Tel Aviv University has mapped the complete Emmer wheat genome in one month, significantly accelerating global research into crop improvement. NRGene’s DeNovoMAGIC TM  assembler has created long genome sequences (N90>1 million bp) covering 90% of the genome and anchored to an ultra-dense genetic map of Emmer wheat, producing a genome map equivalent...
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GM wheat did not repel aphid pests in the field

The results of the GM wheat field trial held by Rothamsted Research in 2012-2013 have recently been published in the scientific journal Scientific Reports. The data show that the GM wheat did not repel aphid pests in the field as was hypothesised and was initially seen in laboratory experiments conducted by scientists at the institute. Although the GM wheat did not repel aphids...
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Researchers develop detailed genetic map of world wheat varieties

Kansas State University scientists have released findings of a complex, two-year study of the genomic diversity of wheat that creates an important foundation for future improvements in wheat around the world. Their work has produced the first haplotype map of wheat that provides detailed description of genetic differences in a worldwide sample of wheat lines. In genetics, a haplotype...
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BBSRC/EMBRAPA joint call for collaborative research proposals in wheat research

BBSRC and the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation ( Embrapa) have announced a joint call for collaborative research proposals in wheat research. The purpose of this pump-priming award is: to enable UK and Brazilian researchers to work together to develop competitive, integrated, collaborative research proposals for submission to the BBSRC/EMBRAPA Joint Wheat full...
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Genetic blueprint of bread wheat genome unveiled

The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) published today in the international journal  Science  a draft sequence of the bread wheat genome. The chromosome-based draft provides new insight into the structure, organization, and evolution of the large, complex genome of the world’s most widely grown cereal crop. The genetic blueprint is an invaluable resource...
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Identification of boron tolerance genes in wheat DNA could result in increased wheat yields

University of Adelaide scientists have identified the genes in wheat that control tolerance to a significant yield-limiting soil condition found around the globe - boron toxicity. Published in the journal Nature today, the identification of boron tolerance genes in wheat DNA is expected to help plant breeders more rapidly advance new varieties for increased wheat yields to help...
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Genetic discovery could help keep crops disease-free

Curtin University researchers have found a way to breed disease-resistant wheat with no downside, potentially bringing multi-million dollar savings to Australia’s agricultural industry. According to John Curtin Distinguished Professor Richard Oliver, Director of the Australian Centre for Necrotrophic Fungal Pathogens (ACNFP) at Curtin, farmers can lose more than 0.35 tonnes per hectare...
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Bayer CropScience contributes $1.4M to international wheat genome sequencing consortium

The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) announced today that it will receive approximately €1 million (EUR) over the next six months from Bayer CropScience (BCS) to support physical mapping of several wheat chromosomes. The goal of BCS’s contribution is to accelerate the consortium’s wheat genome sequencing effort by enabling the completion of physical maps for all 21...
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Epigenetic factors identified as key to preventing loss of wheat caused by rain and high humidity

The global wheat industry sometimes loses as much as $1 billion a year because prolonged rainfall and high humidity contribute to grains germinating before they are fully mature. The result is both a lower yield of wheat and grains of inferior quality. This phenomenon, known as pre-harvest sprouting or PHS, has such important economic repercussions for farmers around the world that...
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New study of preharvest sprouting in wheat is nipping the crop-killing issue in the bud

Researchers at Kansas State University and the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, or USDA-ARS, found and cloned a gene in wheat, named PHS, that prevents the plant from preharvest sprouting. Preharvest sprouting happens when significant rain causes the wheat grain to germinate before harvest and results in significant crop losses. "This is great news...
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Resistance gene found against Ug99 wheat stem rust pathogen

A research project led by scientists at Kansas State University and the University of California-Davis has identified a gene that gives wheat plants resistance to one of the most deadly races of the wheat stem rust pathogen -- called Ug99 -- that was first discovered in Uganda in 1999. The discovery may help scientists develop new wheat varieties and strategies that protect the world's...
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BBSRC publishes advice for future wheat research

A working group, established by BBSRC's Food Security Strategy Advisory Panel, has made recommendations for a 5-year Strategy to help shape BBSRC funded wheat research. The Strategy, published today, contains independent advice and recommendations from the working group to advise on the Council's future strategy and prioritie...
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