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Entries with tag genome sequence .

Red clover genome to help restore sustainable farming

The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC) in collaboration with the Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS), has sequenced and assembled the DNA of red clover to help breeders improve the beneficial traits of this important forage crop. The paper is published in Scientific Reports, a journal from the Nature publishing group. Before industrial nitrogen...
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TGAC announces an important milestone in wheat research

A more complete and accurate wheat genome assembly is being made available to researchers, by The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC). This landmark resource builds on international efforts in this area and will help wheat breeders accelerate their crop improvement programmes and researchers to discover genes for key traits such as yield, nutrient use and bread-making quality. As wheat is one...
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Sequencing of barley genome achieves new milestone

Barley, a widely grown cereal grain commonly used to make beer and other alcoholic beverages, possesses a large and highly repetitive genome that is difficult to fully sequence. Now a team led by scientists at the University of California, Riverside has reached a new milestone in its work, begun in 2000, on sequencing the barley genome. The researchers have sequenced large portions of the...
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Emmer wheat genome sequenced

A joint team from NRGene and Tel Aviv University has mapped the complete Emmer wheat genome in one month, significantly accelerating global research into crop improvement. NRGene’s DeNovoMAGIC TM  assembler has created long genome sequences (N90>1 million bp) covering 90% of the genome and anchored to an ultra-dense genetic map of Emmer wheat, producing a genome map equivalent...
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Melon genome study reveals recent impacts of breeding

The first comprehensive genome analyses of 7 melon varieties was completed by a research team led by Josep Casacuberta, Jordi Garcia-Mas and Sebastian Ramos-Onsins, providing breeders new knowledge important for understanding phenotypic variability and helping increasing plant quality yields by selective breeding. The findings were published in the advanced online edition of Molecular...
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Cotton genome sequence published

The results of two seperate cotton genome studies have recently been published in  Nature Biotechnology . Tianzhen Zhang, Yan Hu, Wenkai Jiang, Lei Fang, Xueying Guan, Jiedan Chen, Jinbo Zhang, Christopher A Saski, Brian E Scheffler, David M Stelly, Amanda M Hulse-Kemp, Qun Wan, Bingliang Liu, Chunxiao Liu, Sen Wang, Mengqiao Pan, Yangkun Wang, Dawei Wang, Wenxue Ye, Lijing...
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Genome sequences of 69 pigs provides clues to their thermostatic regulation

Scientists from Jiangxi Agricultural University, BGI and University of California have recently published their latest research on the genetic mechanism of pig altitude-adaptations in Nature Genetics online. Their research underlined the importance of introgression for the first time as a potential reason for pig adaptations to cold and hot environments, which provided novel...
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Ferret genome study provides respiratory system clues

Ferrets have long been considered the best animal model for studying a number of human diseases, particularly influenza, because the strains that infect humans also infect ferrets and spread in a similar way. In a study coordinated by Michael Katze and Xinxia Peng at the University of Washington (UW) and Federica Di Palma at The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC), and Jessica Alfoldi at the...
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Coffee genome sequence could lead to development of new coffee varieties

Coffee is said to be as one of the most important crops in the world, not just because it forms an essential part of the working day for many us, but also economically, with an amazing 2.25 billion cups estimated as being consumed every day. It is therefore not surprising that an international group of scientists, coordinated by researchers from IRD, the CEA (Genoscope), CIRAD, the...
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Draft genome of domesticated common carp

A team of researchers from China, the US, and Hungary have published the darft genome of the  common carp, Cyprinus carpio , in Nature Genetics . The common carp makes up 10% of global freshwater aquaculture production, so this genome sequence could play a role in sustainable food production through genpme-assisted breeding. The genome assembly consisted of 52,610...
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Iberian pig genome remains unchanged after five centuries

A team of Spanish researchers have obtained the first partial genome sequence of an ancient pig. Extracted from a sixteenth century pig found at the site of the Montsoriu Castle in Girona, the data obtained indicates that this ancient pig is closely related to today's Iberian pig. The researchers also discarded the hypothesis that Asian pigs were crossed with modern Iberian pigs. The...
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Coffee genome sheds light on the evolution of caffeine

The newly sequenced genome of the coffee plant has revealed secrets about the evolution of caffeine.  The scientists who completed the project say the sequences and positions of genes in the coffee plant show that they evolved independently from genes with similar functions in tea and chocolate, which also make caffeine.  In other words, coffee did not inherit caffeine-linked...
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Wild tomato genome sequence could help improve stress tolerance of domestic tomatoes

The genome of a inedible wild tomato ( Solanum pennellii ) has been published in Nature Genetics, and it is hoped that it may prove useful in improving certain traits, such as drought tolerance and taste, in domestic strains of tomato.   Journal Reference : Anthony Bolger et al.  The genome of the stress-tolerant wild tomato species Solanum pennellii .  Nature...
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African rice genome sequence published

A team of international researchers have published the genome sequence of African rice ( Oryza glaberrima ). African rice shows better adaptation to stressful environmental conditions such as drought than the more popular Asian rice ( Oryza sativa ) so it is hoped that this genome sequence could provide clues to breeding more resilient rice.   Journal Reference : Muhua...
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Genetic blueprint of bread wheat genome unveiled

The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) published today in the international journal  Science  a draft sequence of the bread wheat genome. The chromosome-based draft provides new insight into the structure, organization, and evolution of the large, complex genome of the world’s most widely grown cereal crop. The genetic blueprint is an invaluable resource...
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1,000 Bull Genomes Project publishes phase one results

An international team of researchers has published the results of whole-genome sequences from 234 cattle. The 1,000 Bull Genomes Project has looked at four breeds so far (Angus, Holstein, Fleckvieh, and Jersey) and found more than 28 million gene variants. They hope to use the information gathered to develop breeding programmes to improve the efficiency of beef and milk production. ...
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Scientists complete pig exome

PIC, a division of Genus plc, in collaboration with Edinburgh Genomics and The Roslin Institute at the University of Edinburgh, have announced that they have been the first to complete exome sequencing in pigs. Exome sequencing is a cost-effective strategy to selectively sequence the most important parts of DNA and enables faster genomic progress. The extensive results of this research,...
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Retracing early cultivation steps: Lessons from comparing citrus genomes

Citrus is the world’s most widely cultivated fruit crop. In the U.S. alone, the citrus crop was valued at over $3.1 billion in 2013.  Originally domesticated in Southeast Asia thousands of years ago before spreading throughout Asia, Europe, and the Americas via trade, citrus is now under attack from citrus greening, an insidious emerging infectious disease that is destroying entire...
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Phaseolus genome lends insights into nitrogen fixation

“It doesn’t take much to see that the problems of three little people doesn’t add up to a hill of beans in this crazy world,” Humphrey Bogart famously said in the movie Casablanca. For the farmers and breeders around the world growing the common bean, however, ensuring that there is an abundant supply of this legume is crucial, both for its importance in cropping systems to ensure...
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Eucalyptus genome sequence published

An international team of researchers have sequenced the genome of  Eucalyptus grandis , a species from a genus of fast-growing trees commonly known as gum trees in South Africa. The results have  been published in Nature . “Now that we understand which genes determine specific characteristics in these trees, we can breed trees that grow faster, have higher quality wood,...
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Salmon genome now fully mapped and openly accessible

The International Cooperation to Sequence the Atlantic Salmon Genome (ICSASG) has announced completion of a fully mapped and openly accessible salmon genome. This reference genome will provide crucial information to fish managers to improve the production and sustainability of aquaculture operations, and address challenges around conservation of wild stocks, preservation of at-risk fish...
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Trout genome sequencing redefines the evolution of vertebrate genomes

A French consortium, coordinated by INRA and including CEA (Genoscope), CNRS and the Ecoles Normales Supérieures of Paris and Lyon, has sequenced and analysed the genome of the rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ), which constitutes the first published genome of a salmonid (salmons and trouts family). This sequence, published on April 22, 2014 in Nature Communications, introduces a new...
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International Peanut Genome Initiative releases first peanut genome sequence

The International Peanut Genome Initiative—a group of multinational crop geneticists who have been working in tandem for the last several years—has successfully sequenced the peanut's genome. The new peanut genome sequence will be available to researchers and plant breeders across the globe to aid in the breeding of more productive and more resilient peanut varieties. Peanut, known...
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Genome sequence of cultivated and wild peppers published

A international team of researchers have published the genome sequences of the cultivated pepper Zunla-1 ( C. annuum L. ) and its wild progenitor Chiltepin ( C. annuum var.glabriusculum ) in the  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Journal reference : Cheng Qin  et al. Whole-genome sequencing of cultivated and wild...
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Bayer CropScience contributes $1.4M to international wheat genome sequencing consortium

The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) announced today that it will receive approximately €1 million (EUR) over the next six months from Bayer CropScience (BCS) to support physical mapping of several wheat chromosomes. The goal of BCS’s contribution is to accelerate the consortium’s wheat genome sequencing effort by enabling the completion of physical maps for all 21...
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