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Entries with tag cattle .

Beef Feed Efficiency Programme completes data collection for first batch of cattle

The Defra and AHDB-funded  Beef Feed Efficiency Programme  aims to develop standard recording approaches and create a network of industry embedded recording units. The programme is also developing an Estimated Breeding Value (EBV) for Feed Efficiency to aid genetic selection within the Limousin breed, with the aim of extending this to other cattle breeds in future. Dr Huw...
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AHDB announces call for Beef and Lamb PhD studentship projects starting in October 2016

AHDB Beef and Lamb, the organisation for beef and lamb levy payers in England, has announced a call for Beef and Lamb PhD studentship projects starting in October 2016.   Specific terms relating to the call and all relevant documentation for submitting proposals can be found on the Beef and Lamb, and AHDB websites at: ...
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€300 Million Beef Data and Genomics Programme launches in Ireland

Ireland's Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Simon Coveney TD has launched the eagerly awaited Beef Data and Genomics Programme under Ireland’s 2014-2020 Rural Development Programme.  The programme will inject up to €52m per annum into the suckler beef sector to deliver accelerated genetic improvement in the National herd and improve its environmental and economic...
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KTN scoping study leads to major investment in beef efficiency selective breeding project

The KTN is pleased to report that scoping work led by our agri-food team has led to the establishment of a £1.75m selective breeding project to improve both the sustainability and competitiveness of the UK beef industry. Back in 2012 the KTN led a Defra commissioned scoping study to identify options for large scale and – importantly - industry supported recording of feed...
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New inherited disease identified in Ayrshire cattle

A research group led by Professor Magnus Andersson at the University of Helsinki has discovered a new inherited disease that causes ptosis, retarded growth, intellectual disability and mortality in Ayrshire calves.  The study was published in BMC genomics journal on 12 October 2014. The disease has proved to be associated with a mutation in UBE3B gene. Of the 129 tested...
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NextGen project announces first public release of its sheep, goats and cattle genomic data

NextGen is a collaborative international research project investigating the biodiversity of key livestock species.  This first release of their genomic data marks the culmination of four years work by the NextGen  project, from collecting samples and sequencing samples, through to  calling genotypes and annotating variants. The project participants used whole genome...
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Eureka Genomics Receives USDA Grant For Bovine Genotyping Project

Eureka Genomics,a Next Generation Genotyping (NGG) compant, has announced that it has been awarded a $450,000 grant from the US National Institute of Food and Agriculture, an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Eureka Genomics was awarded this grant to commercialise a second generation NGG assay focused on bovine genotyping known as the Sparse Genome Scan (SGS). Eureka...
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1,000 Bull Genomes Project publishes phase one results

An international team of researchers has published the results of whole-genome sequences from 234 cattle. The 1,000 Bull Genomes Project has looked at four breeds so far (Angus, Holstein, Fleckvieh, and Jersey) and found more than 28 million gene variants. They hope to use the information gathered to develop breeding programmes to improve the efficiency of beef and milk production. ...
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Mastitis-free GM cows under test in China

An article The Dairy Site reports on the progress being made by Chinese scientists seeking to bring mastitis-free genetically modified cows to market. Sun Qixin, President of the Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University tells The Dairy Site that tests on the milk from their herd of 100 GM cows have so far shown it to be safe for human consumption. However, a further 3 years of...
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New genetic history of cattle could lead to better breeding methods

Geneticist and anthropologists previously suspected that ancient Africans domesticated cattle native to the African continent nearly 10,000 years ago. Now, a team of University of Missouri researchers has completed the genetic history of 134 cattle breeds from around the world. In the process of completing this history, they found that ancient domesticated African cattle originated in the...
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Genetic clues to TB-resistant cattle

Scientists have identified genetic traits in cattle that might allow farmers to breed livestock with increased resistance to bovine tuberculosis (TB). The study, which compared the genetic code of TB-infected animals with that of disease-free cattle, could help to impact on a disease that leads to major economic losses worldwide. Gene clues The research, led by the University...
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New EBLEX manual on "Choosing bulls to breed for better returns"

EBLEX (the English Beef and Lamb Executive) has published a manual on " Choosing bulls  to breed for b etter returns " to help guide breeders to the best choice for their herd, whether using a bull or AI. The manual explains Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) for traits such as  ease of  calving, carcase quality, herd fertility etc. The manual can be...
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Genome-wide association study reveals four variants that influence conception rates in cows

Decreasing fertility is an area of concern to the dairy industry. A team of Japanese researchers have recently published the results of a genome-wide association study of Holstein cattle which has uncovered four variants, located at  PKP2, CTTNBP2NL, SETD6 , and  CACNB2 , that modulate conception rates. The scientists believe that PKP2  and  CTTNBP2NL ...
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US scientists develop new method that makes FMD vaccine production safer

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists have developed a new technology that will mean that foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccines can be produced safely in the future. Whilst the U.S. has not suffered an outbreak of FMD since 1929, this highly contagious disease, affecting cloven-hoofed animals such as cattle, sheep, goats and pigs. is still a threat in many other...
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African breed of cattle harbours potential weapons against a life-threatening parasite

Each year millions of cattle in Africa are killed by a parasite transmitted by the tsetse fly. Parasitologists at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna have studied a breed of cattle with a natural tolerance against the parasite. They found that Baoule cows are doubly protected against the disease: they are less often infected and can tolerate higher levels of parasites in the blood....
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Call for tenders: Improving Stable Isotope Ratio Analysis data for Scotch beef

The Food Standards Agency is issuing a research call for a beef-analysis project aimed at improving the geographical indexing of beef by extending the existing isotopic landscape map for the UK. The aim of the project, which will extend the data gathered from the British Beef Origin Project from 2007 to 2010, will be to provide a more complete map of isotopic markers from across...
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Irish Government makes substantial investment in beef genomics

The Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine in Ireland, Simon Coveney TD, has announced support measures for the beef sector that will result in payments of €40 million to suckler farmers in 2014. Minister Coveney said “I am delighted that we are in a position to fund these measures, which together will result in investment of €40m in our beef sector next year.  The...
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Signet publishes booklet on ultrasound scanning to improve meat quality in beef cattle

Signet Breeding Services, which is part of EBLEX, has published a booklet called "Ultrasound Scanning Beef Cattle" to encourage beef farmers to use this technology to identify superior animals for use in breeding. Ultrasound can help producers better assess the carcase quality of their cattle by measuring muscle and fat depth in the live animal. Shane Conway, Signet breeding...
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Better understanding of bulls’ gene rich Y chromosome could help improve dairy cattle fertility

Researchers looking at the Y chromosomes of cattle have found that they have many more genes and have much more transcription activity than the Y chromosomes of primates. It is hoped that a better understanding of the bovine Y chromosome will ultimately help breeders tackle the issue of low fertility in dairy cattle.   Story source: Penn State News, 11 Jul 2013 ...
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Cattle flatulence needn’t stink with help from biotechnology

The agriculture industry is researching new technologies to help feed the growing population. But feeding the world without harming air quality is a challenge. According to a new article in Animal Frontiers, biotechnologies increase food production and reduce harmful gas output from cattle. In the Animal Frontiers paper,  Clayton Neumeier, PhD student at University of...
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AHDB call for applications for Postgraduate Studentship projects

For full details, please visit the following page of the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB) website - and the text below was also taken from this website: http://www.ahdb.org.uk/vacancies/PhDStudentships.aspx   Applications are now being sought from universities and research institutes for the AHDB studentship programme for projects starting in...
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Humanised cows milk from GM cows a step nearer

Professor Ning Li from the Chinese Agricultural University (and one of our collaborators in the SABRE EU Project ) has, according to this article in the Sunday Telegraph, produced over 300 GM dairy cows. The aim of the research seems to be to have cows that produce a more suitable milk for human infants (or humanised cows milk). The most recent cows are 17 clones transgenic for human...
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