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Entries with tag animal health .

Pigs' genetic code altered in bid to tackle deadly virus

Researchers have made an advance in the fight against a deadly virus that affects pigs. The team used advanced genetic techniques to produce pigs that are potentially resilient to African Swine Fever -- a highly contagious disease that kills up to two-thirds of infected animals. The new pigs carry a version of a gene that is usually found in warthogs and bush pigs, which researchers...
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New vision and high level research strategy for UK Animal and Plant Health Research published

BBSRC has published, on behalf of a partnership of key UK research funders and policy makers, a vision and high level research strategy for UK Animal and Plant Health Research to 2020 and beyond. In December 2014, Defra and the Government Office for Science jointly published the report Animal and Plant Health in the UK: Building our science capability, which made the compelling case...
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Precise gene editing technology used to breed disease resistant pigs

Genus*, a global pioneer in animal genetics, has announced the development of the first pigs resistant to Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus ("PRRSv"), through a long-standing collaboration with the  University of Missouri .  The production of PRRSv resistant pigs is a significant breakthrough in combating this devastating porcine disease, and Genus is excited...
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ParaFishControl: Developing advanced tools and research strategies for parasite control in European farmed fish

ParaFishControl is a new €8.1 million EU Horizon 2020-funded research project that aims to improve our understanding of fish-parasite interactions and develop innovative solutions and tools to prevent, control and mitigate harmful parasites which affect the main fish species farmed in Europe (Atlantic salmon, rainbow trout, common carp, turbot, European sea bass, and gilthead sea...
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AHDB Call for proposals: Improving beef youngstock health

Calf health is fundamental to optimising beef cattle performance, welfare and efficiency, through both short and longer term impacts. AHDB Beef & Lamb is therefore seeking proposals for research and development work to address these challenges. Youngstock from the dairy herd is the focus of this call but work relating to suckled calves will also be considered. Deadline: no later...
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Scientists map blowfly genome

Researchers have decoded the Australian sheep blowfly genome, adding ammunition to the battle against one of the nation’s most insidious pests. Around 2000 genes not seen before in any other organism were discovered. These genes can now be investigated as potential drug and vaccine targets. This blowfly is responsible for about $280 million in...
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BBSRC and USDA-NIFA partner for animal disease prevention research

BBSRC and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) have announced five jointly-funded research awards that total more £2.3M from BBSRC and $2.3M from NIFA for the US-UK Collaborative Animal Health and Disease and Veterinary Immune Reagents program. This US-UK partnership addresses high impact diseases and animal health issues relevant...
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New inherited disease identified in Ayrshire cattle

A research group led by Professor Magnus Andersson at the University of Helsinki has discovered a new inherited disease that causes ptosis, retarded growth, intellectual disability and mortality in Ayrshire calves.  The study was published in BMC genomics journal on 12 October 2014. The disease has proved to be associated with a mutation in UBE3B gene. Of the 129 tested...
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New report outlines how UK can improve animal and plant health science capability

On the 18th December 2014, a new report was published titled “Animal and plant health in the UK: building our science capability”. This can be accessed in full here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/animal-and-plant-health-in-the-uk-building-our-science-capability As the website above states, “ This report sets out the findings of a study to determine how the UK can...
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Scientists complete pig exome

PIC, a division of Genus plc, in collaboration with Edinburgh Genomics and The Roslin Institute at the University of Edinburgh, have announced that they have been the first to complete exome sequencing in pigs. Exome sequencing is a cost-effective strategy to selectively sequence the most important parts of DNA and enables faster genomic progress. The extensive results of this research,...
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HORSEGENE: Developing genomic tools against heritable diseases in horses

A new EU FP7 project aims to develop genomic tools for breeding against heritable diseases such as osteochondrosis, insect bite hypersensitivity and chronic progressive lymphedemain in horses. The HORSEGENE project brings together researchers from the University of Leuven (Belgium), Animal Health Trust (UK), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Sweden) and Wageningen University (the...
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Genetic clues to TB-resistant cattle

Scientists have identified genetic traits in cattle that might allow farmers to breed livestock with increased resistance to bovine tuberculosis (TB). The study, which compared the genetic code of TB-infected animals with that of disease-free cattle, could help to impact on a disease that leads to major economic losses worldwide. Gene clues The research, led by the University...
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Review of genetics of helminth resistance in sheep

Helminths are gastrointestinal parasitic worms that have become a major concern and source of economic loss for sheep producers around the world. An article published in the Canad ian Journal of Animal Science  has reviewed current research into a promising alternative to control the disease. According to the  paper , the sheep industry has become dependent on drugs to...
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US scientists develop new method that makes FMD vaccine production safer

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists have developed a new technology that will mean that foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccines can be produced safely in the future. Whilst the U.S. has not suffered an outbreak of FMD since 1929, this highly contagious disease, affecting cloven-hoofed animals such as cattle, sheep, goats and pigs. is still a threat in many other...
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Genomics study links US Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea virus outbreak to China

New research published in the American Academy of Microbiology’s journal mBio has used genomic sequences of three emergent strains of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) to determine the origin, evolution, and genotypes of a recent outbreak of the virus in the United States. The sudden emergence and rapid spread of PEDV, a coronavirus, for the first time in the United States has...
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African breed of cattle harbours potential weapons against a life-threatening parasite

Each year millions of cattle in Africa are killed by a parasite transmitted by the tsetse fly. Parasitologists at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna have studied a breed of cattle with a natural tolerance against the parasite. They found that Baoule cows are doubly protected against the disease: they are less often infected and can tolerate higher levels of parasites in the blood....
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How recent EU funded projects have improved livestock productivity

A new publication highlighting the impact of EU funding in animal health research features the work of several projects in which Biosciences KTN plays a significant role, either as coordinator or a partner. You can discover how Quantomics , SABRE , 3SR , Gene2Farm and GreenHouseMilk are helping to improve livestock health, welfare and productivity in “ A decade of EU-funded...
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£5.5m Funding Competition for Animal Health Research Projects

In 2012 BBSRC established the Animal Health Research Club (ARC) to bring together industry and the research community to support research that improves our understanding of resistance to pests and diseases in farmed animals -  for more details see here: http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/business/collaborative-research/industry-clubs/animal-health/animal-health-index.aspx The ARC has...
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Whole genome sequencing provides researchers with a better understanding of bovine TB outbreaks

The use of whole bacterial genome sequencing will allow scientists to inexpensively track how bovine tuberculosis (TB) is transmitted from farm to farm, according to research presented this week at the Society of General Microbiology Autumn Conference. Bovine TB is primarily a disease of cattle, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis. The disease is hugely expensive, costing the...
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Genome of livestock parasite uncovers potential drug targets

Researchers have identified five enzymes that are essential to the survival of a parasitic worm that infects livestock worldwide and is a great threat to global food security. Two of these proteins are already being studied as potential drug targets against other pathogens. The team sequenced the genome of Haemonchus contortus , or the barber pole worm, a well-studied parasitic worm...
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Chinese researchers claim transgenic bananas can directly deliver PRRSV vaccine to pigs

According to a report in Pig Progress, scientists at the National Taiwan University (NTU) have come up with a new way of delivering a Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) vaccine – in transgenic bananas! Professor Huang Pung-ling of the NTU Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture said “After feeding the pigs with 50g of banana leaves from the...
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Threat to UK pig industry from new and deadly strain of PEDV

A new deadly strain of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea Virus (PEDV) has spread from China to the US, leading to a call for vigilance to stop the disease coming to the UK. Pig farmers are being urged to heighten their biosecurity, particularly in terms of visitors/visits overseas. This new strain of PEDV causes high (up to 100%) mortality rates in newborn piglets and there currently no...
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AHDB call for applications for Postgraduate Studentship projects

For full details, please visit the following page of the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB) website - and the text below was also taken from this website: http://www.ahdb.org.uk/vacancies/PhDStudentships.aspx   Applications are now being sought from universities and research institutes for the AHDB studentship programme for projects starting in...
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Biological control of poultry mites?

Poultry mites are an ectoparasite that can cause significant problems for poultry and poultry keepers - particularly for layer hens. Science Daily has picked up on a paper published in Parasitology in March that proposes a biological control method instead of the use of pesticides. Mites do survive for quite some time in empty poultry houses; they are difficult to eradicate and then...
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