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Entries with tag animal genetics .

Genus to use CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology in livestock species

Genus plc, a global pioneer in animal genetics, and Caribou Biosciences, Inc.have announced a multi-year strategic collaboration where Genus receives a worldwide, exclusive license to Caribou’s CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology platform in certain livestock species. This is a significant move for Genus and marks the largest technology-driven alliance that Genus has made to date. The...
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Working towards conservation and sustainable use of farm animal genetic resources

KTN's Huw Jones is a member the   Farm Animal Genetic Resources Committee (FAnGR) , which provides advice to Defra and the devolved administrations in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland on all issues relating to farm animal genetic resources particularly its conservation and sustainable use.  These resources include: livestock conserved embryos ...
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Pigs' genetic code altered in bid to tackle deadly virus

Researchers have made an advance in the fight against a deadly virus that affects pigs. The team used advanced genetic techniques to produce pigs that are potentially resilient to African Swine Fever -- a highly contagious disease that kills up to two-thirds of infected animals. The new pigs carry a version of a gene that is usually found in warthogs and bush pigs, which researchers...
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Researchers discover size gene for salmon – Same gene regulates timing of puberty in humans

A Finnish-Norwegian-Scottish research group has discovered a gene that is important in determining the size a salmon is when it returns from the sea to reproduce in its home river. Surprisingly, the same gene is also involved in regulating the timing of puberty in humans. The results have profound implications for the management and protection of wild salmon populations, and may also help...
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What have DNA sequencing technologies done for animal science? 19-20 Oct, Roslin

The British Scociety for Animal science (BSAS) invites you to join them at a special conference on 19 - 20 October 2015 at The Roslin Institute, looking at how genome sequencing technologies have changed the way we answer questions in animal science - and the skills we need to ask them. This one-off event will showcase how DNA sequencing is being used, and how new technologies can...
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Sheep Breeders Round Table 2015, 20-22 Nov, Nottingham - Call for posters

The organising committee of    Sheep Breeders Round Table 2015 are currently  inviting researchers to submit posters to be on display throughout the entire weekend of the meeting.  Authors do not need to be present, as the organisers are happy to receive, display and return any posters. P osters should be from research projects that would be of interest to sheep...
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AHDB recruiting commercial cattle units to help beef up cattle genetic selection

AHDB Beef & Lamb is seeking to recruit commercial beef units to take part in a landmark project to drive forward the genetic selection of beef cattle for feed use efficiency. The closing date for receipt of applications is 18 September 2015. The £1.75 million national programme, which runs over four years, will implement a sustainable system for measuring feed efficiency in...
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Feed-a-Gene: New EU research programme on monogastric livestock production

Feed-a-Gene ( http://www.feed-a-gene.eu ) is a EU-funded H2020 research programme on monogastric livestock production launched in March 2015, for a duration of 5 years, with 23 partners and a budget of  € 9.9 million. Feed-a-Gene aims to better adapt monogastric livestock production systems (pigs, poultry and rabbits) to improve their efficiency and...
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€300 Million Beef Data and Genomics Programme launches in Ireland

Ireland's Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Simon Coveney TD has launched the eagerly awaited Beef Data and Genomics Programme under Ireland’s 2014-2020 Rural Development Programme.  The programme will inject up to €52m per annum into the suckler beef sector to deliver accelerated genetic improvement in the National herd and improve its environmental and economic...
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Research on genetically-sterilised salmon could help save wild populations

Scientists at the University of East Anglia are researching whether an induced genetic condition could reduce the decline of wild salmon.  They are investigating whether genetically sterilising farmed salmon would prevent them from breeding with their wild counterparts.  It is hoped that inducing the condition, known as ‘Triploidy’, will help dwindling wild salmon stocks. ...
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Breeding dogs on the basis of single genetic test carries risks and may not improve the health of pedigree lines

Breeding dogs on the basis of a single genetic test carries risks and may not improve the health of pedigree lines, experts warn.  Only a combined approach that makes use of DNA analysis, health screening schemes and pedigree information will significantly reduce the frequency of inherited diseases.  This approach will also improve genetic diversity, which helps to counteract the...
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KTN scoping study leads to major investment in beef efficiency selective breeding project

The KTN is pleased to report that scoping work led by our agri-food team has led to the establishment of a £1.75m selective breeding project to improve both the sustainability and competitiveness of the UK beef industry. Back in 2012 the KTN led a Defra commissioned scoping study to identify options for large scale and – importantly - industry supported recording of feed...
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Breeding for Bacon, Beer and Biofuels, 16-17 Apr 2015, Edinburgh

The growing world population demands a sustainable intensification of agricultural production across the globe. At the same time there is competition for land use and we have to mitigate both the causes and consequences of climate change. This poses a range of challenges for plant and animal breeders who have to select the genotypes that are best suited to future...
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Genome sequences of 69 pigs provides clues to their thermostatic regulation

Scientists from Jiangxi Agricultural University, BGI and University of California have recently published their latest research on the genetic mechanism of pig altitude-adaptations in Nature Genetics online. Their research underlined the importance of introgression for the first time as a potential reason for pig adaptations to cold and hot environments, which provided novel...
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New inherited disease identified in Ayrshire cattle

A research group led by Professor Magnus Andersson at the University of Helsinki has discovered a new inherited disease that causes ptosis, retarded growth, intellectual disability and mortality in Ayrshire calves.  The study was published in BMC genomics journal on 12 October 2014. The disease has proved to be associated with a mutation in UBE3B gene. Of the 129 tested...
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Chickens and turkeys 'closer to dinosaur ancestors' than other birds

New research from the University of Kent suggests that chickens and turkeys have experienced fewer gross genomic changes than other birds as they evolved from their dinosaur ancestor. Professor Darren Griffin and a team at the University's School of Biosciences have conducted research that suggests that chromosomes of the chicken and turkey lineage have undergone the fewest number of...
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Invitation to Pig Breeders Round Table 2015

PIG BREEDERS ROUND TABLE 22nd-23rd April 2015 - University of Kent (Keynes College), Canterbury Pig Breeders Round Table is a small, friendly bi-annual meeting with interesting science and stimulating discussion held in a beautiful location. The University of Kent is set in 450 acres of parkland overlooking the historic city of Canterbury and its famous...
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Ferret genome study provides respiratory system clues

Ferrets have long been considered the best animal model for studying a number of human diseases, particularly influenza, because the strains that infect humans also infect ferrets and spread in a similar way. In a study coordinated by Michael Katze and Xinxia Peng at the University of Washington (UW) and Federica Di Palma at The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC), and Jessica Alfoldi at the...
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NextGen project announces first public release of its sheep, goats and cattle genomic data

NextGen is a collaborative international research project investigating the biodiversity of key livestock species.  This first release of their genomic data marks the culmination of four years work by the NextGen  project, from collecting samples and sequencing samples, through to  calling genotypes and annotating variants. The project participants used whole genome...
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Draft genome of domesticated common carp

A team of researchers from China, the US, and Hungary have published the darft genome of the  common carp, Cyprinus carpio , in Nature Genetics . The common carp makes up 10% of global freshwater aquaculture production, so this genome sequence could play a role in sustainable food production through genpme-assisted breeding. The genome assembly consisted of 52,610...
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Iberian pig genome remains unchanged after five centuries

A team of Spanish researchers have obtained the first partial genome sequence of an ancient pig. Extracted from a sixteenth century pig found at the site of the Montsoriu Castle in Girona, the data obtained indicates that this ancient pig is closely related to today's Iberian pig. The researchers also discarded the hypothesis that Asian pigs were crossed with modern Iberian pigs. The...
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Help Rabbit-Genome Biology Net present the case for rabbits feeding the world

Rabbit Genome Biology-Net  is inviting and encouraging rabbit enthusiasts from around the world to help gather information about all rabbit genetic resources/breed/lines for meat production in the world, including details about production performance, if available. This includes researchers and people in charge of rabbit breeds/lines (national breeder associations, breeding...
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Asian genes in European pigs result in more piglets

Pigs which are bred commercially in Europe are found to have a highly varied mosaic of different European and Asian gene variants. The Asian genes in particular result in a large number of piglets in European pig breeds. In the latest issue of the science journal Nature Communications, researchers from Wageningen University explain that a number of important characteristics of European pigs...
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1,000 Bull Genomes Project publishes phase one results

An international team of researchers has published the results of whole-genome sequences from 234 cattle. The 1,000 Bull Genomes Project has looked at four breeds so far (Angus, Holstein, Fleckvieh, and Jersey) and found more than 28 million gene variants. They hope to use the information gathered to develop breeding programmes to improve the efficiency of beef and milk production. ...
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KTN funded project helps inbreeding values become accessible to sheep breeders

Inbreeding values have now been made available to sheep breeders thanks to a KTN  funded project supported by EBLEX.  The project, which involves EGENEs (SRUC’s genetic evaluation service) and BASCO, will mean  inbreeding values will be available to all registered Suffolk, Texel and Hampshire breeders, and those  flocks that performance record through Signet...
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