Korea's CCS R&D programme is described on the Korea Technology Roadmap of the CSLF website. Korea has established an integrated and comprehensive policy on CCS which covers education, public awareness, R&D, demonstration pilot projects and international collaboration. In July 2010, the Korean presidential committee on green growth (PCGG) announced a national framework to develop CCS, with the aim of developing two commercial-scale plants by 2020. Korea currently sponsors two post‐combustion CO2 capture pilot plants. The 10MW facility at Hadong Power Plant utilizes dry regenerable sorbent technology, while the 10MW facility at Boryeong Power Plant utilizes an advanced amine sorbent. The PCGG also announced that a total of US$1.9bn will be invested to two large-scale integrated CCS demonstration projects within the next ten years. Korea's Ministry of Trade, industry and Energy (MOTIE) holds 84% of the fund share (US$1.6bn) and, through the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), has supported the technology developments for post-combustion, pre-combustion and oxy-fuel combustion including chemical looping combustion since 2006. The Ministry Oceans and Fisheries (MOF) supports Korea's programme of the offshore CO2 geological storage.
Korea is also proactive in developing international collaboration and, in 2011, officials from the Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with representatives from Natural Resources Canada covering cooperation on green technology, with CCS as a key area for interaction. In October 2013, a UK delegation participated in a mission to South Korea. The aim of the mission was to explore joint research and business opportunities in Clean Coal Technologies and leverage-able CCS Projects. Follow-up actions on a number of UK-Korea initiatives are now moving forward. Korea is also the Headquarters of the UN Green Climate Fund (GCF).
Doosan Corporation subsidiary Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction is developing oxy-fuel combustion technology for verification in various field tests worldwide. This includes the 100MW oxy-fuel combustion test plant at Young Dong power station, now at the FEED stage.
KAIST's lead R&D centre appears to be the Oxide & Organic Nanomaterials for Energy and Environment (ONE) Laboratory, which is researching into Covalent Organic Polymers (COPs) for CO₂ Capture. In January 2013, KAIST signed an MoU with Saudi Arabia for CO2 research centre for the Saudi Aramco-KAIST CO2 Research Center in Daejeon. KAIST has also recently signed an MoU with Imperial College for research collaboration. In 2012, KAIST held a CCS workshop involving Professor Neil McKeown, Materials Chemistry, Cardiff University.
Established in 1973, KCC has worked in the area of environmental technologies for over 40 years and continues to work to raise the level of Korea's environmental industry to global standards. KCC is the operator 10MW-scale dry sorbent post-combustion CO2 capture (PCC) facility at KOSPO's Hadong coal-fired power plant. In 2010, KCC with KOSPO entered an agreement with Canadian company Mantra Venture Group to demonstrate the effectiveness of Mantra's Carbon Recycling Technology (CCR) technology in converting waste CO2 into formic acid.
KCCSA was established in 2010. Its role includes promoting international cooperation. In 2011, the KCCSA signed an MOU with the GCCSI to further knowledge sharing on CCS. Under this agreement, KCCSA and GCSSI developed the Korean Knowledge Network. The network aims to improve the dissemination of international knowledge products to the Korean market. KCCSA is located in the Chemical Process Institute, Seoul National University.
KCRC, an institution supported by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP) in South Korea, was established in December 2011 to implement the ‘Korea CCS 2020 Project', which aims to guide CCS R&D to the year 2020. One of KCRC's remits is to establish a network-type R&D Support Center to gather research resources, manage and disseminate research results. As part of this remit, KCRC plans international cooperation, facilitates MoU agreements with international organizations and supports international joint researches. In May 2013, KCRC signed an MoU with SCCS, creating a framework for a joint research.
KEPCO, state-run utility, is currently leading investment on CCS in Korea. A recent presentation (October 2013) summarises KEPCO's current CCS activities (also see KEPRI below). KEPCO/KEPRI's plan is to have two LSID's by 2020.
KEPRI is the research arm of KEPCO. KEPRI's CO2 Capture Research Team (CCRT) is developing CO2 capture and mitigation technologies for power plants. CCRT mainly focuses on developing CO2 capture methods with dry regenerable sorbent technology and wet chemical solvent technology and commenced demonstrating a new solvent, the KoSol Process for CO2 Capture (KPCC), at a nominal 80,000 tpa power plant at Boryeong in 2013. A post-combustion demo project, currently scaled 0.1-0.5 MW, and two 10 MW pilot plants (dry sorbent and adv. amine) are under development with a goal of bringing at least one commercial demo project online by 2015. KEPRI is also involved in the 100MW oxy-fuel combustion project at Young Dong power station now at the FEED stage. This project involves Doosan Power Systems (UK) oxy-fuel technology.
KIER's work in CCS is undertaken by its Greenhouse Gas Laboratory. Core CCS technologies include various types of post-combustion CO2 capture technologies, pre-combustion CO2 capture technologies, oxygen production technology for oxy-fuel combustion and the chemical looping combustion technology. Apparently KIER has a CCS test facility but little information on this is readily available. KIER appears to be extremely active in the international community through collaborative research or seminars. However, interaction with the UK has been minimal, with none registered in the CCS area.
KIGAM's Geologic Environmental Research programme undertakes R&D CO2 storage including the development of injection systems for geological CO2 storage, characterization of storage strata, development of basic design technology for the demonstration of CO2 geological storage, and sequestration of CO2 by carbonation of industrial minerals.
Formerly known as the Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (KORDI), KOIST's research programme is supported by MOF and includes: characterization of offshore geological storage sites; development of transport infrastructures and R&D on the safety including subsurface CO2 modelling and monitoring; protection of marine environment; and establishment of a legal and regulatory framework related with CO2 storage in sub seabed geologic formations. In November 2011, KORDI signed an MOU with the USDOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) for joint development and research on the commercialization of CCS related core technology
KOMIPO is involved in a number of government-sponsored national research projects, including the ‘CO2 Capture Technology Development through Chilled Ammonia Post-combustion 10MW Class' project. In May 2013, KOMIPO dedicated the 10MW testbed plant at its Boryeong Thermal Power site, the first of its kind in Korea. The project was led by KEPRI. KOMIPO is also participating in joint R&D with the US Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the International Energy Agency's Clean Coal Center (IEA-CCC) to secure advanced technologies. KOMIPO is focusing on collaborative research on, e.g. IGCC, CCS and Oxy-Fuel Combustion.
KNOC's Exploration & Production Technology Institute (EPTI) was founded in 2006. EPTI's current research includes CO2 storage. EPTI and the Petroleum Technology Research Centre of Canada are cooperating in an integrated CCS demonstration project in Canada to develop the CCS demonstration technologies and to bench-mark the experiences. Based on the outcomes, KNOC is planning on conducting a medium-scale (100 thousand ton/year) integrated demonstration project from 2013, a large-scale (1 million ton/year) integrated demonstration from 2015, a commercial-scale (3 million ton/year) from 2020.
Korea South-east Power Company Ltd (KOSEP)
KOSEP's 125MWe Young Dong Unit 1 Power Station has been selected to host a 100MWe oxy-fuel demonstration plant. The project is being undertaken by a consortium of industrial companies, research agencies and universities, with the financial support of the Korean Government. The demonstration will use OxyCoal™ Burner Technology developed by Doosan Babcock Power in the UK. However, the project is currently on hold due to uncertainties of CO2 storage and support of operation costs.
KOSPO operates thermal power stations, wind power plants, and solar power plants. In 2001, KOSPO launched a project to develop a post-combustion carbon capture technology by dry sorbent in cooperation with KIER and KEPCO's KEPRI Research Institute. The 0.5MW-testbed at Hadong Thermal Power Plant No. 3 was dedicated in March 2010 as a pilot facility to experiment with the homegrown technology and has proven the proprietary technology capable of capturing up to 85% of CO2 emissions. KOSPO is also building a 10MW test facility to verify the homegrown carbon capture technology.
KOWEPO is a subsidiary of Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) and is actively engaging in CCS technology development. KOWEPO is planning a 300MW IGCC demonstration plant at a site near Taean Thermal Power Plant to be completed in November 2015, as a government-sponsored project
POSCO E&C is a general engineering and construction company established in December 1994. POSCO E&C is applying CCS in construction of the 10MW Aqueous Amine-based CO2 CCS Plant at the Boryeong Coal-fired Power Plant. Posco E&C has its own research institute but appears to have no reference to CCS R&D
Other Korean Organisations
- Seoul National University is the home of the Korea CCS Association (KCCSA). The university Office of International Affairs also focuses on student exchanges.
- Yonsei University also seems to focus on student exchanges.
- Korean Institute for Advanced Engineering has no information on is CCS readily available on the website.
- Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co. Ltd - GCCSI member
- Samsung Techwin Co. Ltd - GCCSI member
- Technovation Partners Co. Ltd - GCCSI member
- KCOAL - GCCSI member.