Canada's CCS R&D Programme is described on the Canada Technology Roadmap of the CSLF website. Canada has been active in CCS for many years. A number of R&D projects are currently being carried out in partnerships with industry academia, provincial research centres and international organizations. These include seven large-scale CCS projects; two in the planning phase, four under construction, and the Weyburn/Midale EOR project which is operational. Notable among those in construction is SaskPower's Boundary Dam project to capture up to 1Mtpa of CO2 starting early 2014 (both described below). Canada has also been working with its partners to advance CCS technologies through international fora, including the International Energy Agency, Major Economies Forum, Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum, Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Clean Energy Dialogue with the USA.
CCS Nova Scotia is a not-for-profit corporation tasked with learning more about Nova Scotia's geology its characteristics for the safe implementation of CCS. CCS Nova Scotia Research Consortium's mandate is to research the feasibility of storing condensed CO2 emissions in suitable geological formations that exist about one kilometre underground.
Carbon Engineering (CE)
CE is an independent Canadian company that focuses on R&D and pilot scale development of industrial-scale capture of CO2 from ambient air. Incorporated in 2009 and based in Calgary, CE grew from academic work conducted on carbon management technologies by research groups at the University of Calgary and Carnegie Mellon University.
Carbon Management Canada (CMC)
CMC is a not-for-profit corporation and part of Government of Canada's Network of Centres of Excellence program. Located at the University of Calgary, CMC comprises a multi-disciplinary network of researchers at over 20 Canadian universities working on all aspects of CCS. CMC funds research, trains new talent and stimulates the commercialization of technologies to address reducing global carbon emissions. CMC also has strong ties to researchers in numerous international organizations such as Ohio State University, the University of Arizona, the University of Queensland, the Stanford Centre for Carbon Storage, GFZ German Research Centre for Geoscience in Potsdam, the UK CCS Research Centre (UKCCSRC), the Korea CCS Research Centre, and CO2CRC in Australia.
CMC and UKCCSRC have established an exchange program allowing Early Career Researchers (ECRs) from their respective organisations to collaborate with each other on carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects. This joint programme comes after researchers in both organisations on a visit to Canada supported by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
CanmetENERGY is conducting R&D into oxy-fuel combustion and CFD modeling of oxy-fuel combustion. Other R&D includes CO2 capture and compression technologies, CO2 post-combustion capture processes and advanced power cycles. CanmetENERGY is also involved in funding and collaborative research in CO2 storage: CO2 injection; monitoring, measurement, and verification ; CO2 storage sites and opportunities; storage integrity; and capacity estimation through the Technology & Innovation program, PERD, the ecoENERGY Technology Initiative, and other funding programs.
In 1995, CanmetENERGY commissioned the world's first advanced oxy-fuel combustion pilot-scale research facility. Since commissioning, under the sponsorship and general direction of an international consortium, the research program has undergone 8 successive phases of R&D to help bring oxy-fuel combustion, advanced power cycles, integrated multi-pollutant, and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture technologies to a level of commercial acceptance. The CanmetENERGY's CO2 R&D Consortium is now in Phase 9, which is developing the first-of-its-kind CO2 capture and compression unit.
The current members of the CanmetENERGY CO2 R&D Consortium are Ontario Power Generation, SaskPower, Babcock & Wilcox, Alberta Energy Research Institute, Natural Resources Canada, and the Carbon Capture Project (CCP) consortium.
Inventys is leading a collaborative project, funded by ETI for 'next generation' capture technologies for gas-fired power involving Doosan Babcock, Howden and MAST Carbon International (UK based). ETI member Rolls-Royce will provide specialist engineering support for the project.
PTRC is a stand-alone, not-for-profit corporation that funds and manages research programs in enhanced oil recovery and carbon storage. It funds organizations such as universities and research councils but does not conduct the research itself. Both the University of Regina's Engineering Faculty and the Saskatchewan Research Council's Energy Division have employees and labs in the PTRC's building. The PTRC manages consortia projects, bringing together industry and government to help fund research. These have included the IEAGHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 Monitoring and Storage Project (completed in 2012) and Aquistore, PTRC's second flagship CCS project and the world's first integrated carbon capture, transport, injection and storage project.
SaskPower is the owner of the CCS integrated project at Boundary Dam Power Station and also the home of the IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 Monitoring and Storage Project. The associated Aquistore Project, managed by the Petroleum Technology Research Centre (PTRC), which will take captured and compressed CO2 and transport it by pipeline to a site where it will be injected in a deep saline formation.
SaskPower is also owner of the Shand Carbon Capture Test Facility (CCTF) which provides technology developers with an opportunity to test new and emerging carbon capture systems. Developed in collaboration with Hitachi, Ltd., construction is scheduled for completion mid-2014.
A three-year MoU has also been signed (May 2013), between SaskPower and the UKCCSRC to facilitate research and related opportunities aimed at improving costs and performance of CCS. Independent researchers involved in the Weyburn project include BGS and Bristol University.
The Institute for Sustainable Energy, Environment and Economy (ISEEE) developed the concept and business plan for and then led the creation of Carbon Management Canada (CMC), located at the University of Calgary. ISEEE's program to date has supported nearly 50 completed or ongoing research projects in four strategic areas: carbon capture; secure carbon storage; technical, socio-economic and policy analysis; and knowledge transfer, communications and outreach.