By Sarah Mackintosh, National Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage
China is fast becoming one of the world’s biggest CO2 emitters and is still building coal fired power stations at a staggering rate. However, China has also been implementing plans to reduce their carbon emissions. China’s 12th Five Year Plan (FYP) covering 2011-2015 has just been released and will help China to continue its ‘clean revolution’ over the next five years, with significant targets for low-carbon energy, energy efficiency and clean technology. It is expected that this plan will significantly bend China’s CO2 emissions in the coming 5 years.
My colleagues and I have just returned from a trip to China to discuss potential new collaborations. I spent some time at the University of Nottingham Ningbo Campus and then I travelled to Beijing and met with Tsinghua University and Shenhua power. I got the opportunity to learn more about the CCS projects in China. The following projects were discussed:
• The capture project in Beijing, which is run by the China Huaneg Group and captures 3000 tonnes per year using MEA’s.
• The Huaneng Power Group post combustion capture project at Shanghai Shidongkou Power plant which captures 150,000 tons /year.
• The Chongqing Hechuan Shuanghuai Power Plant Project which can trap 10,000 tons of CO2 with purity over 99.5% annually.
• Shenhua Project: The Shenhua Group, China's biggest coal producer, has a CCS facility at its coal-to-liquids plant at Ordos in Inner Mongolia.
• Pilot program in Jilin oil field established by PetroChina – the first project on CO2 storage and utilization (Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) at Jilin Oilfield.
• GreenGen IGCC project Tianjin City, Bohai Rim, China.
Whilst on the visit to Tsinghua University we were asked why the UK did not yet have a demonstration project when we have been working in CCS so much longer than people in China. An interesting question! The pace of CCS development in China is certainly impressive and I think we will be able to learn from them when we start our own projects. I am certainly looking forward further collaboration with universities and industry in China.